Lexical information from a minimalist point of view

Simplicity as a methodological orientation applies to linguistic theory just as to any other field of research: ‘Occam’s razor’ is the label for the basic heuristic maxim according to which an adequate analysis must ulti
Simplicity as a methodological orientation applies to linguistic theory just as to any other field of research: ‘Occam’s razor’ is the label for the basic heuristic maxim according to which an adequate analysis must ultimately be reduced to indispensible specifications. In this sense, conceptual economy has been a strict and stimulating guideline in the development of Generative Grammar from the very beginning. Halle’s (1959) argument discarding the level of taxonomic phonemics in order to unify two otherwise separate phonological processes is an early characteristic example; a more general notion is that of an evaluation metric introduced in Chomsky (1957, 1975), which relates the relative simplicity of alternative linguistic descriptions systematically to the quest for explanatory adequacy of the theory underlying the descriptions to be evaluated. Further proposals along these lines include the theory of markedness developed in Chomsky and Halle (1968), Kean (1975, 1981), and others, the notion of underspecification proposed e.g. in Archangeli (1984), Farkas (1990), the concept of default values and related notions. An important step promoting this general orientation was the idea of Principles and Parameters developed in Chomsky (1981, 1986), which reduced the notion of language particular rule systems to universal principles, subject merely to parametrization with restricted options, largely related to properties of particular lexical items. On this account, the notion of a simplicity metric is to be dispensed with, as competing analyses of relevant data are now supposed to be essentially excluded by the restrictive system of principles.
show moreshow less

Export metadata

  • Export Bibtex
  • Export RIS

Additional Services

    Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar
Metadaten
Author:Manfred Bierwisch
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-1134106
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2009/10/13
Year of first Publication:1997
Publishing Institution:Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Release Date:2009/10/13
SWD-Keyword:Grammatiktheorie
Source:http://www.zas.gwz-berlin.de/fileadmin/mitarbeiter/bierwisch/6_Bierwisch_1997_Lexical_Information.pdf ; (in:) Chris Wilder, Hans-Martin Gärtner: The Role of Economy Principles in Linguistic Theory. - Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1997, S. 227-266
HeBIS PPN:219409838
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache
Sammlungen:Linguistik
Linguistic-Classification:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Grammatikforschung / Grammar research
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

$Rev: 11761 $