Infection control management of patients with suspected highly infectious diseases in emergency departments: data from a survey in 41 facilities in 14 European countries

Background: In Emergency and Medical Admission Departments (EDs and MADs), prompt recognition and appropriate infection control management of patients with Highly Infectious Diseases (HIDs, e.g. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers 
Background: In Emergency and Medical Admission Departments (EDs and MADs), prompt recognition and appropriate infection control management of patients with Highly Infectious Diseases (HIDs, e.g. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers and SARS) are fundamental for avoiding nosocomial outbreaks.

Methods: The EuroNHID (European Network for Highly Infectious Diseases) project collected data from 41 EDs and MADs in 14 European countries, located in the same facility as a national/regional referral centre for HIDs, using specifically developed checklists, during on-site visits from February to November 2009.

Results: Isolation rooms were available in 34 facilities (82,9%): these rooms had anteroom in 19, dedicated entrance in 15, negative pressure in 17, and HEPA filtration of exhausting air in 12. Only 6 centres (14,6%) had isolation rooms with all characteristics. Personnel trained for the recognition of HIDs was available in 24 facilities; management protocols for HIDs were available in 35.

Conclusions: Preparedness level for the safe and appropriate management of HIDs is partially adequate in the surveyed EDs and MADs.
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    Additional file 1: Annex 1. Definition and list of Highly Infectious Diseases (HIDs). Annex 2 Indications for the safe and appropriate management of suspected HID patients in EDs and MADs.

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Author:Francesco M. Fusco, Stefan Schilling, Giuseppina De Iaco, Hans-Reinhard Brodt, Philippe Brouqui, Helena C. Maltezou, Barbara Bannister, René Gottschalk, Gail Thomson, Vincenzo Puro, Giuseppe Ippolito
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-244027
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-12-27
ISSN:1471-2334
Parent Title (English):BMC infectious diseases
Publisher:BioMed Central
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2012/03/13
Date of first Publication:2012/01/28
Publishing Institution:Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Release Date:2012/03/13
Volume:12
Issue:12:27
Pagenumber:7
HeBIS PPN:306319306
Institutes:Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 3.0

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