Multifragmentation, fragment flow, and the nuclear equation of state

The quantum molecular dynamic method is used to study multifragmentation and fragment flow and their dependence on in-medium cross sections, momentum dependent interactions, and the nuclear equation of state, for collisi
The quantum molecular dynamic method is used to study multifragmentation and fragment flow and their dependence on in-medium cross sections, momentum dependent interactions, and the nuclear equation of state, for collisions of 197Au+197Au and 93Nb+93Nb in the bombarding energy regime from 100 to 800A MeV. Time and impact parameter dependence of the fragment formation and their implications for the conjectured liquid-vapor phase transition are investigated. We find that the inclusive fragment mass distribution is independent of the equation of state and exhibits a power-law behavior Y(A)∼A-τ with an exponent τ≊-2.3. True multifragmentation events are found in central collisions for energies Elab∼30–200 MeV/nucleon. The associated light fragment (d,t,α) to proton ratios increase with the multiplicity of charged particles and decrease with energy, in agreement with recent experiments. The calculated absolute charged particle multiplicities, the multiplicities of intermediate mass (A>4) fragments, and their respective rapidity distributions do compare well with recent 4π data, but are quite insensitive to the equation of state. On the other hand, these quantities depend sensitively on the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section, and can be used to determine σ experimentally. The transverse momentum flow of the complex fragments increases with the stiffness of the equation of state. Reduced (in-medium) n-n scattering cross sections reduce the fragment flow. Momentum dependent interactions increase the fragment flow. It is shown that the measured fragment flow at 200A MeV can be reproduced in the model. We find that also the increase of the px/A values with the fragment mass is in agreement with experiments. The calculated fragment flow is too small as compared to the plastic ball data, if a soft equation of state with in-medium corrections (momentum dependent interactions plus reduced cross sections) is employed. An alternative, most intriguing resolution of the puzzle about the stiffness of the equation of state could be an increase of the scattering cross sections due to precritical scattering in the vicinity of a phase transition.
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Metadaten
Author:G. Peilert, Horst Stöcker, Walter Greiner, A. Rosenhauer, A. Bohnet, Jörg Aichelin
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-27307
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2006/06/02
Year of first Publication:1989
Publishing Institution:Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Release Date:2006/06/02
Source:Phys. Rev. C 39, 1402-1419 (1989), ©1989 The American Physical Society, http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRC/v39/p1402
HeBIS PPN:18870454X
Institutes:Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physik
PACS-Classification:21.10.-k Properties of nuclei; nuclear energy levels (for properties of specific nuclei listed by mass ranges, see section 27)
25.70.-z Low and intermediate energy heavy-ion reactions
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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