The syntactic structure of predicatives : clues from the omission of the copula in child english

This paper explores the syntax of main clause predicatives from the perspective of trying to account for an asymmetry in copular constructions in certain languages. One of the languages in which we find such an asymmetry
This paper explores the syntax of main clause predicatives from the perspective of trying to account for an asymmetry in copular constructions in certain languages. One of the languages in which we find such an asymmetry is child English (around age 2). Specifically, new results show that children acquiring English tend to use an overt (and inflected) copula in individual-level predicatives, but they tend to omit the copula in stage-level predicatives. The analysis adopted to account for this pattern draws on evidence from adult English, Russian, Spanish and Portuguese that stage-level predicates are Aspectual (they contain AspP) while individual-level predicates are not (they involve only a lexical Small Clause predicate). Children's omission of the copula in structures with AspP is linked to the fact that at this stage of development, children fail to require finiteness in main clauses. In particular, Asp0 is temporally anchored in child English, thereby obviating the need for a finite (temporally anchored) Infl, i.e. an inflected copula.
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Metadaten
Author:Misha Becker
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-307868
URL:http://www.zas.gwz-berlin.de/fileadmin/material/ZASPiL_Volltexte/zp22/zaspil22-becker.pdf
ISSN:1435-9588
ISSN:0947-7055
Parent Title (English):Papers on predicative constructions : Proceedings of the workshop on secundary predication, October 16-17, 2000, Berlin / ed. by Gerhard Jäger ..., Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, Berlin, 2001; ZAS papers in linguistics Vol. 22
Publisher:Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2013/11/14
Year of first Publication:2001
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/11/14
SWD-Keyword:Auslassung; Englisch; Kindersprache; Prädikat; Syntax
Volume:22
Pagenumber:18
First Page:25
Last Page:42
HeBIS PPN:381233502
Sammlungen:Linguistik
Linguistic-Classification:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Syntax
Linguistik-Klassifikation: Gesprächsforschung/Gesprochene Sprache / Conversation analysis/Spoken language
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:ZASPiL 22 = Papers on predicative constructions : Proceedings of the workshop on secundary predication, October 16-17, 2000, Berlin
Journal: Dazugehörige Zeitschrift anzeigen
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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