On statives and potentives in Western Austronesian (Mostly Tagalog)

This contribution is concerned with prefixed forms in western Austronesian languages which have been called a wide variety of names including 'stative', 'accidental', 'involuntary', 'potential', 'coincidence', 'momentary
This contribution is concerned with prefixed forms in western Austronesian languages which have been called a wide variety of names including 'stative', 'accidental', 'involuntary', 'potential', 'coincidence', 'momentary', and so on. Although widely neglected in the literature, these formations are of major import to the grammar of many western Austronesian languages, where for all event expressions there is an obligatory choice between a neutral form and a form marked for 'involuntariness', 'potentiality', 'coincidence', or the like. Furthermore, this distinction has implications for a wide range of theoretical issues, including the nature of unaccusativity and causativity, split-intransitivity, and the grammar of control and complementation.
The main goal of this contribution is to bring some basic order to the fairly broad and, on first sight at least, somewhat heterogeneous range of uses and meanings associated with these forms. I will argue that the different uses can be grouped into two semantically and morphosyntactically quite different construction types, which I will call STATIVE (proper) and POTENTIVE, respectively.
Section 2 presents the major uses of the 'stative' prefix ma- in Tagalog. In section 3, it is shown that despite superficial similarities the various examples with ma-marked predicates presented in section 2 involve two different constructions and that the prefix ma- belongs to two different morphological paradigms. Section 4, finally, provides a systematization of stative and potentive uses and discusses similarities and differences between the Tagalog system and superficially similar systems in so-called split-S languages.
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Author:Nikolaus P. Himmelmann
Parent Title (English):Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association: Proceedings of AFLA ..., Teil: 11, ZAS, Berlin 2004, zugl.: Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Typologie und Universalienforschung, Berlin: ZAS papers in linguistics ; Vol. 34
Publisher:Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Part of a Book
Date of Publication (online):2013/11/14
Year of first Publication:2004
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/11/14
SWD-Keyword:Aspekt <Linguistik>; Austronesische Sprachen; Sprachtypologie; Tagalog
First Page:103
Last Page:119
HeBIS PPN:381257681
Dewey Decimal Classification:499 Austronesische und andere Sprachen
Linguistic-Classification:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Sprachtypologie / Language typology
Linguistik-Klassifikation: Morphologie / Morphology
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:ZASPiL 34 = Proceedings of AFLA 11 : ZAS, Berlin 2004
Journal: Dazugehörige Zeitschrift anzeigen
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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