Vaccination directed against the human endogenous retrovirus-K envelope protein inhibits tumor growth in a murine model system

Human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) genomes are chromosomally integrated in all cells of an individual. They are normally transcriptionally silenced and transmitted only vertically. Enhanced expression of HERV-K accompani
Human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) genomes are chromosomally integrated in all cells of an individual. They are normally transcriptionally silenced and transmitted only vertically. Enhanced expression of HERV-K accompanied by the emergence of anti-HERV-K-directed immune responses has been observed in tumor patients and HIV-infected individuals. As HERV-K is usually not expressed and immunological tolerance development is unlikely, it is an appropriate target for the development of immunotherapies. We generated a recombinant vaccinia virus (MVA-HKenv) expressing the HERV-K envelope glycoprotein (ENV), based on the modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA), and established an animal model to test its vaccination efficacy. Murine renal carcinoma cells (Renca) were genetically altered to express E. coli beta-galactosidase (RLZ cells) or the HERV-K ENV gene (RLZ-HKenv cells). Intravenous injection of RLZ-HKenv cells into syngenic BALB/c mice led to the formation of pulmonary metastases, which were detectable by X-gal staining. A single vaccination of tumor-bearing mice with MVA-HKenv drastically reduced the number of pulmonary RLZ-HKenv tumor nodules compared to vaccination with wild-type MVA. Prophylactic vaccination of mice with MVA-HKenv precluded the formation of RLZ-HKenv tumor nodules, whereas wild-type MVA-vaccinated animals succumbed to metastasis. Protection from tumor formation correlated with enhanced HERV-K ENV-specific killing activity of splenocytes. These data demonstrate for the first time that HERV-K ENV is a useful target for vaccine development and might offer new treatment opportunities for diverse types of cancer.
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Metadaten
Author:Benjamin Kraus, Katrin Fischer, Sarah M. Büchner, Winfried S. Wels, Roswitha Löwer, Katja Sliva, Barbara S. Schnierle
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-312473
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072756
ISSN:1932-6203
Parent Title (English):PLoS One
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Place of publication:Lawrence, Kan.
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2013/08/30
Date of first Publication:2013/08/30
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/09/02
Volume:8
Issue:(8): e72756
Pagenumber:8
Note:
Copyright: © 2013 Kraus et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
HeBIS PPN:353126616
Institutes:Medizin
Georg-Speyer-Haus
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 3.0

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