Habermas and the Project of Immanent Critique

According to his own understanding, Jürgen Habermas’ Theory of Communicative Action offers a new account of the normative foundations of critical theory. 1 Habermas’ motivating insight is that neither a transcendental or
According to his own understanding, Jürgen Habermas’ Theory of Communicative Action offers a new account of the normative foundations of critical theory. 1 Habermas’ motivating insight is that neither a transcendental or metaphysical solution to the problem of normativity, nor a merely hermeneutic reconstruction of historically given norms, is sufficient to clarify the normative foundations of critical theory. In response to this insight, Habermas develops a novel account of normativity which locates the normative demands upon which critical theory draws within the socially instituted practice of communicative understanding. Although Habermas has claimed otherwise, this new foundation for critical theory constitutes a novel and innovative form of “immanent critique”. To argue for and to clarify this claim, I offer, in section 1, a formal account of immanent critique and distinguish between two different ways of carrying out such a critique. In section 2, I examine Habermas’ rejection of the first, hermeneutic option. Against this background, I then show, in section 3, that the Theory of Communicative Action attempts to formulate an immanent critique of contemporary societies according to a second, “practice-based” model. However, because Habermas, as I will argue in section 4, commits himself to an implausibly narrow view in regard to one central element of such a model – in regard to the social ontology of immanent normativity – his normative critique cannot develop its full potential (section 5).
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Metadaten
Author:Titus Stahl
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-438941
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.166688
Document Type:Preprint
Language:English
Year of Completion:2017
Date of first Publication:2013/11/11
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2017/10/19
Tag:Immanent Critique; Jürgen Habermas
Pagenumber:22
Note:
Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/
Note:
Preprint, später in Constellations, 20.2013, Bd. 4, S. 533-552
HeBIS PPN:435296779
Institutes:Gesellschaftswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophie und Psychologie
300 Sozialwissenschaften
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Keine Bearbeitung

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