Facial-aging mobile apps for smoking prevention in secondary schools in Brazil : appearance-focused interventional study

Background: Most smokers start smoking during their early adolescence, often with the idea that smoking is glamorous. Interventions that harness the broad availability of mobile phones as well as adolescents' interest in
Background: Most smokers start smoking during their early adolescence, often with the idea that smoking is glamorous. Interventions that harness the broad availability of mobile phones as well as adolescents' interest in their appearance may be a novel way to improve school-based prevention. A recent study conducted in Germany showed promising results. However, the transfer to other cultural contexts, effects on different genders, and implementability remains unknown.
Objective: In this observational study, we aimed to test the perception and implementability of facial-aging apps to prevent smoking in secondary schools in Brazil in accordance with the theory of planned behavior and with respect to different genders.
Methods: We used a free facial-aging mobile phone app ("Smokerface") in three Brazilian secondary schools via a novel method called mirroring. The students’ altered three-dimensional selfies on mobile phones or tablets and images were "mirrored" via a projector in front of their whole grade. Using an anonymous questionnaire, we then measured on a 5-point Likert scale the perceptions of the intervention among 306 Brazilian secondary school students of both genders in the seventh grade (average age 12.97 years). A second questionnaire captured perceptions of medical students who conducted the intervention and its conduction per protocol.
Results: The majority of students perceived the intervention as fun (304/306, 99.3%), claimed the intervention motivated them not to smoke (289/306, 94.4%), and stated that they learned new benefits of not smoking (300/306, 98.0%). Only a minority of students disagreed or fully disagreed that they learned new benefits of nonsmoking (4/306, 1.3%) or that they themselves were motivated not to smoke (5/306, 1.6%). All of the protocol was delivered by volunteer medical students.
Conclusions: Our data indicate the potential for facial-aging interventions to reduce smoking prevalence in Brazilian secondary schools in accordance with the theory of planned behavior. Volunteer medical students enjoyed the intervention and are capable of complete implementation per protocol.
show moreshow less

Export metadata

  • Export Bibtex
  • Export RIS
Metadaten
Author:Breno Bernardes-Souza, Francisco Patruz Ananias de Assis Pires, Gustavo Moreira Madeira, Túlio Felício da Cunha Rodrigues, Martina Gatzka, Markus V. Heppt, Albert Joachim Omlor, Alexander Enk, Jan David Alexander Groneberg, Werner Seeger, Christof von Kalle, Carola Berking, Paulo César Rodrigues Pinto Corrêa, Janina Leonie Suhre, Jonas Alfitian, Aisllan Assis, Titus Josef Brinker
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-468892
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10234
ISSN:2369-2960
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=30021713
Parent Title (English):Journal of medical internet research
Publisher:JMIR Publications
Place of publication:Toronto
Contributor(s):Gunther Eysenbach
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/07/17
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/08/02
Tag:apps; dermatology; face; photoaging; skin; smoking; tobacco; tobacco cessation; tobacco prevention
Volume:4
Issue:3, e10234
Pagenumber:11
First Page:1
Last Page:11
Note:
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://publichealth.jmir.org, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
HeBIS PPN:435677314
Institutes:Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0

$Rev: 11761 $