Knockdown of the TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator (TIGAR) sensitizes glioma cells to hypoxia, irradiation and temozolomide

The TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator (TIGAR) has been shown to decrease glycolysis, to activate the pentose phosphate pathway, and to provide protection against oxidative damage. Hypoxic regions are consid
The TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator (TIGAR) has been shown to decrease glycolysis, to activate the pentose phosphate pathway, and to provide protection against oxidative damage. Hypoxic regions are considered characteristic of glioblastoma and linked with resistance to current treatment strategies. Here, we established that LNT-229 glioma cell lines stably expressed shRNA constructs targeting TIGAR, and exposed them to hypoxia, irradiation and temozolomide. The disruption of TIGAR enhanced levels of reactive oxygen species and cell death under hypoxic conditions, as well as the effectiveness of irradiation and temozolomide. In addition, TIGAR was upregulated by HIF-1α. As a component of a complex network, TIGAR contributes to the metabolic adjustments that arise from either spontaneous or therapy-induced changes in tumor microenvironment.
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Metadaten
Author:Gabriele Dorothea Maurer, Sonja Heller, Christina Wanka, Johannes Rieger, Joachim Peter Steinbach
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-484757
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20051061
ISSN:1422-0067
ISSN:1661-6596
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=30823646
Parent Title (English):International journal of molecular sciences
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/03/01
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/03/12
Tag:TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator; glioma; hypoxia; hypoxia-inducible factor; irradiation; reactive oxygen species; temozolomide
Volume:20
Issue:5, Art. 1061
Pagenumber:14
First Page:1
Last Page:14
Note:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
HeBIS PPN:448052105
Institutes:Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds:Medizin
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0

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