Prevalence of biopsychosocial factors of pain in 865 sports students of the Dach (Germany, Austria, Switzerland) region – a cross-sectional survey

When sports are part of a person’s profession or education, their careers are often handicapped by pain, a complex physical and mental state that may already occur at lower career stages. This study was designed to asses
When sports are part of a person’s profession or education, their careers are often handicapped by pain, a complex physical and mental state that may already occur at lower career stages. This study was designed to assess the occurrence of pain among sports students and the prevalence of relevant contributing psychosocial co-factors. Exploratory cross-sectional study surveying students at 89 sports faculties of universities in the DACH region using the German Sports Pain Questionnaire. It includes several validated surveys related to pain occurrence in different body regions, injuries, pain diagnoses and pain intensity, depression, anxiety, stress, self-compassion, analgesic and alcohol consumption, as well as sleep quality, health-related quality of life and impairments of quality of life by pain. A total of 865 sports students gave consent to participate in the study, and 664 participants (78%; 23.3 ± 2.84 years, 60% female, 40% male) completed the full survey. More than half of the students (53%; n = 403) showed current pain in 2-5 regions of the body, while subjective pain tolerance was enhanced. General injuries or accidents, medically and self-diagnosed pain diagnoses during the last eight weeks were reported by 30%. A current pain intensity ≥ 3 NRS was prevalent in 28% (n = 205), which correlated with increased pain-related biopsychosocial scores. Sports students had increased scores for depression, anxiety and stress, and self-compassion was reduced (compared to age-controlled national reference data, sports students head increased scores). The mean weekly training workload was 5-7 hours. Analgesics and alcohol consumption was increased, 61% reported insomnia. Across sports students, pain and biopsychosocial burden seem significantly increased when compared to other students and age-controlled cohorts. The data implies the need of giving greater importance to pain management at least from the time of sports studies in order to prevent pain and health risks in sports.
show moreshow less

Download full text files

Export metadata

  • Export Bibtex
  • Export RIS
Metadaten
Author:Anke Bumann, Winfried Banzer, Johannes Fleckenstein
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-545476
URL:https://www.jssm.org/hf.php?id=jssm-19-323.xml
ISSN:1303-2968
Parent Title (English):Journal of sports science & medicine
Publisher:Department of Sports Medicine, Medical Faculty of Uludag University
Place of publication:Bursa, Turkey
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2020
Date of first Publication:2020/06/01
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/03/25
Tag:Pain management; elite athlete; pain questionnaire; preventive medicine; quality of life
Volume:19
Pagenumber:14
First Page:323
Last Page:336
Note:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Institutes:Sportwissenschaften
Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:790 Freizeitgestaltung, darstellende Künste, Sport
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0

$Rev: 11761 $