Free-weight resistance exercise is more effective in enhancing inhibitory control than machine-based training : a randomized, controlled trial

Resistance exercise has been demonstrated to improve brain function. However, the optimal workout characteristics are a matter of debate. This randomized, controlled trial aimed to elucidate differences between free-weig
Resistance exercise has been demonstrated to improve brain function. However, the optimal workout characteristics are a matter of debate. This randomized, controlled trial aimed to elucidate differences between free-weight (REfree) and machine-based (REmach) training with regard to their ability to acutely enhance cognitive performance (CP). A total of n = 46 healthy individuals (27 ± 4 years, 26 men) performed a 45-min bout of REfree (military press, barbell squat, bench press) or REmach (shoulder press, leg press, chest press). Pre- and post-intervention, CP was examined using the Stroop test, Trail Making Test and Digit Span test. Mann–Whitney U tests did not reveal between-group differences for performance in the Digit Span test, Trail Making test and the color and word conditions of the Stroop test (p > 0.05). However, REfree was superior to REmach in the Stroop color-word condition (+6.3%, p = 0.02, R = 0.35). Additionally, REfree elicited pre-post changes in all parameters except for the Digit Span test and the word condition of the Stroop test while REmach only improved cognitive performance in part A of the Trail Making test. Using free weights seems to be the more effective RE method to acutely improve cognitive function (i.e., inhibitory control). The mechanisms of this finding merit further investigation.
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Metadaten
Author:Jan Wilke, Vanessa Stricker, Susanne Usedly
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-563881
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100702
ISSN:2076-3425
Parent Title (English):Brain Sciences
Publisher:MDPI
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2020/10/03
Date of first Publication:2020/10/03
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/10/15
Tag:barbell training; cognition; resistance training; strength training
Volume:10
Issue:art. 702
Pagenumber:10
First Page:1
Last Page:10
Note:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Institutes:Sportwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
790 Freizeitgestaltung, darstellende Künste, Sport
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0

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