What verb-final and V2 have in common: evidence from the prosody of german restrictive relative clauses in adults and children

Theoretical accounts agree that German restrictive relative clauses (RCs) are integrated at the level of syntax as well as at the level of prosody (; , ; ; ; ) in both the default verb-final and the marked verb-second va
Theoretical accounts agree that German restrictive relative clauses (RCs) are integrated at the level of syntax as well as at the level of prosody (; , ; ; ; ) in both the default verb-final and the marked verb-second variant (referred to as iV2). Both variants are assumed to show the same prosodic pattern, i. e., prosodic integration into the main clause, and not unintegrated prosody, which would signal a sequence of two main clauses. To date strong empirical evidence for this close correspondence between prosody and syntax in RCs is missing. Findings regarding prosodic integration of verb-final RCs are not consistent, and research regarding the prosody of iV2 structures is very scarce. Using a delayed sentence-repetition task, our study investigated whether subordination is signaled by prosody in RCs in both the verb-final and the V2 variant in adults (n = 21). In addition, we asked whether young language learners (n = 23), who at the age of 3 have just started to produce embedded clauses, are already sensitive to this mapping. The adult responses showed significantly more patterns of prosodic integration than of prosodic non-integration in the V-final and the iV2 structures, with no difference between the two conditions. Notably, the child responses mirrored this adult behavior, showing significantly more patterns of prosodic integration than of prosodic non-integration in both V-final and iV2 structures. The findings regarding adults’ prosodic realizations provide novel empirical evidence for the claim that iV2 structures, just like verb-final RCs, show prosodic integration. Moreover, our study strongly suggests that subordination is signaled by prosody already by age 3 in both verb-final and V2 variants of RCs.
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Metadaten
Author:Emanuela Sanfelici, Caroline Féry, Petra Schulz
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-564973
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/zfs-2020-2011
ISSN:1613-3706
ISSN:0721-9067
Parent Title (German):Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaf
Publisher:De Gruyter
Place of publication:Berlin [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2020/09/08
Year of first Publication:2020
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/11/20
Tag:language acquisition; prosodic integration; prosody; relative clause; verb placemen
Volume:39
Issue:2
Pagenumber:30
First Page:201
Last Page:230
Institutes:Neuere Philologien
Dewey Decimal Classification:430 Germanische Sprachen; Deutsch
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0

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