A preliminary study on machine learning-based evaluation of static and dynamic FET-PET for the detection of pseudoprogression in patients with IDH-wildtype glioblastoma

Simple Summary: Pseudoprogression detection in glioblastoma patients remains a challenging task. Although pseudoprogression has only a moderate prevalence of 10–30% following first-line treatment of glioblastoma patients
Simple Summary: Pseudoprogression detection in glioblastoma patients remains a challenging task. Although pseudoprogression has only a moderate prevalence of 10–30% following first-line treatment of glioblastoma patients, it bears critical implications for affected patients. Non-invasive techniques, such as amino acid PET imaging using the tracer O-(2-[18F]-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine (FET), expose features that have been shown to provide useful information to distinguish tumor progression from pseudoprogression. The usefulness of FET-PET in IDH-wildtype glioblastoma exclusively, however, has not been investigated so far. Recently, machine learning (ML) algorithms have been shown to offer great potential particularly when multiparametric data is available. In this preliminary study, a Linear Discriminant Analysis-based ML algorithm was deployed in a cohort of newly diagnosed IDH-wildtype glioblastoma patients (n = 44) and demonstrated a significantly better diagnostic performance than conventional ROC analysis. This preliminary study is the first to assess the performance of ML in FET-PET for diagnosing pseudoprogression exclusively in IDH-wildtype glioblastoma and demonstrates its potential.

Abstract: Pseudoprogression (PSP) detection in glioblastoma remains challenging and has important clinical implications. We investigated the potential of machine learning (ML) in improving the performance of PET using O-(2-[18F]-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine (FET) for differentiation of tumor progression from PSP in IDH-wildtype glioblastoma. We retrospectively evaluated the PET data of patients with newly diagnosed IDH-wildtype glioblastoma following chemoradiation. Contrast-enhanced MRI suspected PSP/TP and all patients underwent subsequently an additional dynamic FET-PET scan. The modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria served to diagnose PSP. We trained a Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA)-based classifier using FET-PET derived features on a hold-out validation set. The results of the ML model were compared with a conventional FET-PET analysis using the receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curve. Of the 44 patients included in this preliminary study, 14 patients were diagnosed with PSP. The mean (TBRmean) and maximum tumor-to-brain ratios (TBRmax) were significantly higher in the TP group as compared to the PSP group (p = 0.014 and p = 0.033, respectively). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for TBRmax and TBRmean was 0.68 and 0.74, respectively. Using the LDA-based algorithm, the AUC (0.93) was significantly higher than the AUC for TBRmax. This preliminary study shows that in IDH-wildtype glioblastoma, ML-based PSP detection leads to better diagnostic performance.
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Metadaten
Author:Sied Kebir, Teresa Schmidt, Matthias Weber, Lazaros Lazaridis, Norbert Galldiks, Karl-Josef Langen, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Elke Hattingen, Ulrich Herrlinger, Philipp Lohmann, Martin Glas
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-565407
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers12113080
ISSN:2072-6694
Parent Title (English):Cancers
Publisher:MDPI
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2020/10/22
Date of first Publication:2020/10/22
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/11/12
Tag:amino acid PET; artificial intelligence; glioma; treatment-related changes; tumor progression
Volume:11
Issue:3080
Pagenumber:14
HeBIS PPN:474011399
Institutes:Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0

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