Informacijska struktura rečenice i fonološko-sintaktičko sučelje

The Information Structure of the Sentence and the Phonology-Syntax Interface

Polazeći od teorije paralelne arhitekture koja sve jezične razine smatra generativnima, u radu se iznose rezultati istraživanja suodnosa između reda riječi, tj. reda rečeničnih sastavnica na sintaktičkoj i na fonološkoj 
Polazeći od teorije paralelne arhitekture koja sve jezične razine smatra generativnima, u radu se iznose rezultati istraživanja suodnosa između reda riječi, tj. reda rečeničnih sastavnica na sintaktičkoj i na fonološkoj razini, i informacijske strukture kao sastavnice rečenične gramatike. Analiza u kojoj je informacijska struktura ravnopravna razina, a ne izvanjska, pragmatički uvjetovana sastavnica, omogućuje semantički informirano tumačenje varijacija u redu riječi u hrvatskom jeziku. Istraživanje rezultati kojega se iznose metodološki predstavlja premošćivanje jaza između formalnih i funkcionalnih pristupa. Kao primjer se uzima hrvatski, koji se tradicionalno smatra jezikom u kojem je red sintaktičkih komponenata (relativno) slobodan, dok se za položaj klitika u njemu smatra da je (relativno) ograničen. Na brojnim primjerima u radu pokazuje se kako klitike i grozdovi klitika svojim smještajem unutar linearnog rečeničnog ustrojstva ne predstavljaju nepravilnost sustava, nego oblik dinamiziranja rečeničnoga sadržaja koji izvorni govornici prihvaćaju kao otvorenu mogućnost. U dosadašnjim su se istraživanjima takvoj analizi postavljale dvije ključne prepreke. Prva se tiče bavljenja isključivo tzv. „neutralnim”, kontekstualno neuvjetovanim tipovima rečenica, dakle onima koje uglavnom odgovaraju na pitanje O čemu se radi? Druga se tiče nedostatka empirijskih istraživanja, kako korpusnih, tako i psiholingvističkih, kojima se otvara potpuno nov uvid u jezičnu strukturu i istančane mogućnosti njezine izražajnosti na informacijskoj razini. U radu se bavim obama uočenim problemima.
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I take information structure as a component of the sentence grammar that was proposed by Lambrecht (1994) as a starting point. In this view, information structure is understood to be a decisive factor in the formal struc
I take information structure as a component of the sentence grammar that was proposed by Lambrecht (1994) as a starting point. In this view, information structure is understood to be a decisive factor in the formal structuring of a sentence. I am presenting the results of research, which shows that word order (WO), or the order of sentence components on the syntactic, as well as on the phonological level, is conditioned by the propositional structure of the sentence. Such a system results in an extremely low number of restrictive rules that, from the point of view of WO, define ungrammatical sentences. This research is a methodological attempt to combine insights from formal and functional approaches to grammatical analysis based on Croatian examples. The Croatian language is traditionally held to be a language in which the order of syntactic components is (relatively) free, while the position of clitics and clitic clusters is considered (relatively) restricted. I show that clitics and clitic clusters are not anomalous in such a system, but rather a form of dynamization of the sentence content that native speakers accept as an open possibility. Previous research on WO in Croatian has failed to recognize these relationships because of two major obstacles. The first one concerns the fact that this research was concerned solely with so-called ‘neutral’, contextually unconditioned sentence types that is, only those that are at the null level of informativeness and answer the question ‘What is going on?’. The second obstacle concerns the lack of empirical research, both corpus-based and psycholinguistic, which opens an entirely new insight into the linguistic structure and fine-grained possibilities of its expressiveness at the level of information structure.
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Metadaten
Author:Anita Peti-Stantić
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-388018
URL:http://hrcak.srce.hr/117893
ISSN:1331-6745
ISSN:1849-0379
Parent Title (Croatian):Rasprave : časopis Instituta za Hrvatski Jezik i Jezikoslovlje
Publisher:Inst.
Place of publication:Zagreb
Document Type:Article
Language:Croatian
Date of Publication (online):2016/10/17
Year of first Publication:2014
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2016/10/17
Tag:clitics; information structure of the sentence; phonology-syntax interface; word order
fonološko-sintaktičko sučelje; informacijska struktura rečenice; klitike; red riječi
Volume:39
Issue:2
Pagenumber:24
First Page:557
Last Page:580
Note:
Rights: Papers published in this journal can be used for personal or educational purposes while respecting the rights of authors and publishers.
HeBIS PPN:401894746
Dewey Decimal Classification:490 Andere Sprachen
Sammlungen:Linguistik
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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