Risk communication and generic preparedness: from agent-based to action-based planning - a conceptual framework

Responses to recent infectious disease outbreaks, such as to Influenza Pandemic 2009 and the on-going Ebola outbreak in West Africa, reveal the need for new and strengthened approaches to risk communication and governanc
Responses to recent infectious disease outbreaks, such as to Influenza Pandemic 2009 and the on-going Ebola outbreak in West Africa, reveal the need for new and strengthened approaches to risk communication and governance. The article argues for a fundamental re-conceptualisation of current approaches to risk communication, preparedness planning and response. It calls for a reframing of the way we currently identify and respond to outbreaks around a set of core behaviour-based response patterns. This new model moves away from the current risk communication focus on a plethora of agent-specific threats to five generic response patterns that are based on socially relevant response activities such as 1) controlling vectors, 2) enhancing hygiene, 3) isolation of the sick, 4) protection of the well, and 5) systemic protection of people and their environments. Emphasis is placed on gaining relevant insights into the context specific needs of different communities related to these five patterns. Governance structures are then built and evaluated based on their capacity to collect, communicate, share and prepare the public to take appropriate action related to the five different patterns before, during and after an event. Reframing risk communication and preparedness approaches around a better understanding of the determinants of these general behavioural patterns in infectious control could strengthen infection control literacy, response competence and build resilience of both individuals and health systems to address future epidemics, pandemics and other public health threats.
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Metadaten
Author:Petra Dickmann, Franklin J. Apfel, René Gottschalk
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-403431
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/BJMMR/2016/24033
ISSN:2231-0614
Parent Title (English):British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research
Publisher:Sciencedomain International
Place of publication:London [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2016/02/14
Date of first Publication:2016/02/14
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2016/08/25
Tag:generic preparedness; governance; influenza pandemic; pandemic preparedness; public health.; risk communication
Volume:13
Issue:10, Article no.BJMMR.24033
Pagenumber:5
First Page:1
Last Page:5
Note:
© 2016 Dickmann et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
HeBIS PPN:420979077
Institutes:Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0

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