Differential role of RIP1 in Smac mimetic-mediated chemosensitization of neuroblastoma cells

We explored the potential of Smac mimetics, which antagonize Inhibitor of Apoptosis (IAP) proteins, for chemosensitization of neuroblastoma (NB). Here, we report that Smac mimetics, e.g. BV6, prime NB cells for chemother
We explored the potential of Smac mimetics, which antagonize Inhibitor of Apoptosis (IAP) proteins, for chemosensitization of neuroblastoma (NB). Here, we report that Smac mimetics, e.g. BV6, prime NB cells for chemotherapeutics including the topoisomerase II inhibitor doxorubicin (DOX) and vinca alkaloids such as Vincristine (VCR), Vinblastine (VBL) and Vinorelbine (VNR). Additionally, BV6 acts in concert with DOX or VCR to suppress long-term clonogenic growth. While BV6 causes rapid downregulation of cellular IAP (cIAP)1 protein and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) activation, DOX/BV6- or VCR/BV6-induced apoptosis occurs independently of NF-κB or TNFα signaling, since overexpression of dominant-negative IκBα superrepressor or the Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)α-blocking antibody Enbrel fail to block cell death. Mechanistic studies reveal that Receptor-interacting protein (RIP)1 is required for DOX/BV6-, but not for VCR/BV6-induced apoptosis, since transient or stable knockdown of RIP1 or the pharmacological RIP1 inhibitor necrostatin-1 significantly reduce apoptosis. By comparison, VCR/BV6-mediated apoptosis critically depends on the mitochondrial pathway. VCR/BV6 cotreatment causes phosphorylation of BCL-2 during mitotic arrest, enhanced activation of BAX and BAK and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Additionally, overexpression of BCL-2 profoundly suppresses VCR/BV6-induced apoptosis. Thus, BV6 sensitizes NB cells to chemotherapy-induced apoptosis via distinct initial signaling mechanisms depending on the chemotherapeutic drug. These findings provide novel mechanistic insights into Smac mimetic-mediated chemosensitization of NB.
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Metadaten
Author:Sebastian Czaplinski, Behnaz Abhari, Alica Torkov, Dominik Seggewiß, Manuela Hugle, Simone Fulda
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-415743
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.6308
ISSN:1949-2553
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=26575016
Parent Title (German):Oncotarget
Publisher: [S.l.]
Place of publication:Impact Journals LLC
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2015/11/12
Date of first Publication:2015/11/12
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2016/09/28
Volume:6
Issue:39
First Page:41522
Last Page:41534
Note:
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
HeBIS PPN:399894624
Institutes:Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 3.0

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