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- Wie die Sprache unser Denken prägt (2011)
- Es ist eine alte Debatte. Auf der einen Seite steht die althergebrachte Maxime, alles, was wert ist, gesagt zu werden, müsse in jeder Sprache gesagt werden können - umso mehr dann, wenn es sich um die Wissenschaft handelt, die den Anspruch erhebt, universelle Wahrheiten zu erfassen. Demgegenüber steht ein immer wieder anzutreffender Gedanke, dessen wohl inspirierteste Formulierung von Wilhelm von Humboldt stammt, nämlich, dass die Verschiedenheit der Sprachen nicht nur eine von „Schällen und Zeichen“, sondern eine der „Weltansichten selbst“ sei. Thema dieses Vortrags ist die Frage, wo die Wahrheit zwischen diesen scheinbaren Gegensätzen liegt.

- Tuning of the new 4-rod RFQ for FNAL (2011)
- For the injector upgrade at FNAL a 4-rod Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) with a resonance frequency of 200 MHz has been build. With this short structure of only 1.3 m a very compact injector design has been realized. Simulations with CST Microwave Studio® were performed for the design. Their results leading to the RF characterizations of the RFQ and the final RF setup which has been accomplished at IAP of the Goethe-University Frankfurt are presented in this paper.

- TRENTOOL : an open source toolbox to estimate neural directed interactions with transfer entropy (2011)
- To investigate directed interactions in neural networks we often use Norbert Wiener's famous definition of observational causality. Wiener’s definition states that an improvement of the prediction of the future of a time series X from its own past by the incorporation of information from the past of a second time series Y is seen as an indication of a causal interaction from Y to X. Early implementations of Wiener's principle – such as Granger causality – modelled interacting systems by linear autoregressive processes and the interactions themselves were also assumed to be linear. However, in complex systems – such as the brain – nonlinear behaviour of its parts and nonlinear interactions between them have to be expected. In fact nonlinear power-to-power or phase-to-power interactions between frequencies are reported frequently. To cover all types of non-linear interactions in the brain, and thereby to fully chart the neural networks of interest, it is useful to implement Wiener's principle in a way that is free of a model of the interaction [1]. Indeed, it is possible to reformulate Wiener's principle based on information theoretic quantities to obtain the desired model-freeness. The resulting measure was originally formulated by Schreiber [2] and termed transfer entropy (TE). Shortly after its publication transfer entropy found applications to neurophysiological data. With the introduction of new, data efficient estimators (e.g. [3]) TE has experienced a rapid surge of interest (e.g. [4]). Applications of TE in neuroscience range from recordings in cultured neuronal populations to functional magnetic resonanace imaging (fMRI) signals. Despite widespread interest in TE, no publicly available toolbox exists that guides the user through the difficulties of this powerful technique. TRENTOOL (the TRansfer ENtropy TOOLbox) fills this gap for the neurosciences by bundling data efficient estimation algorithms with the necessary parameter estimation routines and nonparametric statistical testing procedures for comparison to surrogate data or between experimental conditions. TRENTOOL is an open source MATLAB toolbox based on the Fieldtrip data format. ...

- Towards finite density QCD with Taylor expansions (2011)
- We analyze general convergence properties of the Taylor expansion of observables to finite chemical potential in the framework of an effective 2+1 flavor Polyakov-quark-meson model. To compute the required higher order coefficients a novel technique based on algorithmic differentiation has been developed. Results for thermodynamic observables as well as the phase structure obtained through the series expansion up to 24th order are compared to the full model solution at finite chemical potential. The available higher order coefficients also allow for resummations, e.g. Padé series, which improve the convergence behavior. In view of our results we discuss the prospects for locating the QCD phase boundary and a possible critical endpoint with the Taylor expansion method.

- Towards corrections to the strong coupling limit of staggered lattice QCD : the XXIX International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory - Lattice 2011, July 10 - 16, 2011, Squaw Valley, Lake Tahoe, California (2011)
- We report on the first steps of an ongoing project to add gauge observables and gauge corrections to the well-studied strong coupling limit of staggered lattice QCD, which has been shown earlier to be amenable to numerical simulations by the worm algorithm in the chiral limit and at finite density. Here we show how to evaluate the expectation value of the Polyakov loop in the framework of the strong coupling limit at finite temperature, allowing to study confinement properties along with those of chiral symmetry breaking. We find the Polyakov loop to rise smoothly, thus signalling deconfinement. The non-analytic nature of the chiral phase transition is reflected in the derivative of the Polyakov loop. We also discuss how to construct an effective theory for non-zero lattice coupling, which is valid to O(b).

- The superconducting cw LINAC demonstrator for GSI (2011)
- At GSI a new, superconducting (sc) continuous wave (cw) LINAC is under design in cooperation with the Institute for Applied Physics (IAP) of Frankfurt University and the Helmholtz Institut Mainz (HIM). This proposed LINAC is highly requested by a broad community of future users to fulfill the requirements of nuclear chemistry, nuclear physics, and especially in the research field of Super Heavy Elements (SHE). In this context the preliminary layout of the LINAC has been carried out by IAP. The main acceleration of up to 7.3 AMeV will be provided by nine sc Crossbar-H-mode (CH) cavities operated at 217 MHz. Currently, a prototype of the cw LINAC as a demonstrator is under development. The demonstrator comprises a sc CH-cavity embedded between two sc solenoids mounted in a horizontal cryomodule. A full performance test of the demonstrator in 2013/14 by injecting and accelerating a beam from the GSI High Charge Injector (HLI) is one important milestone of the project. The status of the demonstrator is presented.

- The Myrrha linear accelerator (2011)
- Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS) are promising tools for the efficient transmutation of nuclear waste products in dedicated industrial installations, called transmuters. The Myrrha project at Mol, Belgium, placed itself on the path towards these applications with a multipurpose and versatile system based on a liquid PbBi (LBE) cooled fast reactor (80 MWth) which may be operated in both critical and subcritical modes. In the latter case the core is fed by spallation neutrons obtained from a 600 MeV proton beam hitting the LBE coolant/target. The accelerator providing this beam is a high intensity CW superconducting linac which is laid out for the highest achievable reliability. The combination of a parallel redundant and of a fault tolerant scheme should allow obtaining an MTBF value in excess of 250 hours that is required for optimal integrity and successful operation of the ADS. Myrrha is expected to be operational in 2023. The forthcoming 4-year period is fully dedicated to R&D activities, and in the field of the accelerator they are strongly focused on the reliability aspects and on the proper shaping of the beam trip spectrum.