- Study of exclusive one-pion and one-eta production using hadron and dielectron channels in pp reactions at kinetic beam energies of 1.25 GeV and 2.2 GeV with HADES (2012)
- We present measurements of exclusive ensuremathπ+,0 and η production in pp reactions at 1.25GeV and 2.2GeV beam kinetic energy in hadron and dielectron channels. In the case of π+ and π0 , high-statistics invariant-mass and angular distributions are obtained within the HADES acceptance as well as acceptance-corrected distributions, which are compared to a resonance model. The sensitivity of the data to the yield and production angular distribution of Δ (1232) and higher-lying baryon resonances is shown, and an improved parameterization is proposed. The extracted cross-sections are of special interest in the case of pp → pp η , since controversial data exist at 2.0GeV; we find \ensuremathσ=0.142±0.022 mb. Using the dielectron channels, the π0 and η Dalitz decay signals are reconstructed with yields fully consistent with the hadronic channels. The electron invariant masses and acceptance-corrected helicity angle distributions are found in good agreement with model predictions.
- Measurement of the quasi free np → npπ+π− and np → ppπ−π0 reactions at 1.25 GeV with HADES (2014)
- We present the results of two-pion production in tagged quasi-free np collisions at a deutron incident beam energy of 1.25 GeV/c measured with the High-Acceptance Di-Electron Spectrometer (HADES) installed at GSI. The specific acceptance of HADES allowed for the first time to obtain high-precision data on π+π− and π−π0 production in np collisions in a region corresponding to large transverse momenta of the secondary particles. The obtained differential cross section data provide strong constraints on the production mechanisms and on the various baryon resonance contributions (∆∆, N(1440), N(1520), ∆(1600)). The invariant mass and angular distributions from the np → npπ+π −and np → ppπ−π0 reactions are compared with different theoretical model predictions.
- Experimental studies of the ground state QED : corrections in H- and He-like uranium (2003)
- In summary, the cooled heavy-ion beams of the ESR storage ring offer excellent experimental conditions for a precise study of the effects of QED in the groundstate of high-Z one- and two-electron ions. This has been demonstrated within the series of experiments conducted at the electron cooler device as well as at the gasjet target. In this work we have used a recently developed experimental approach to obtain the first direct measurement of the two-electron contributions to the ground state binding energy of helium-like uranium. By employing our method, all one-electron contributions to the binding energy such as finite-nuclear size corrections and the one-electron self energy cancel out completely. Note, this is a distinctive feature of this particular kind of QED test and is in contrast to all other tests of bound state QED for high-Z ions such as 1s Lamb shift (in one-electron systems), g-factor of bound electrons, or hyperfine splitting. Compared to former investigations conducted at the superEBIT in Livermore we could already substantially improve the statistical accuracy and extend studies to the higher-Z regime. Moreover, our result has reached a sensitivity on specific two-electron QED contributions. Our value agrees with the theoretical predictions within the experimental uncertainty. Similar to the superEBIT experiment possible sources of systematic errors are essentially eliminated and the final result is limited only by counting statistics. For the case of the 1s Lamb shift in hydrogen-like uranium, the achieved accuracy of +- 4.2 eV is a substantial improvement by a factor of 3 compared to the most precise value up to now  (see Fig. 5.6). Our result already provides a test of the first-order QED contributions at the 1.5% level and only a slight improvement is required in order to achieve a sensitivity to QED contributions beyond first-order SE and VP.