- Virological and immunological response to three boosted protease inhibitor regimens (2008)
- Poster presentation: Purpose of the study To compare the virological, immunological and clinical response to three boosted double protease inhibitor (PI) regimens of saquinavir and ritonavir in combination with lopinavir (LOPSAQ), atazanavir (ATSAQ) or fosamprenavir (FOSAQ) without reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTI) in HIV-positive patients with limited RTI treatment options. ...
- Virological treatment outcome under HAART : does sex matter? (2008)
- Poster presentation: Background In Germany, 17% of 59,000 persons living with HIV/AIDS are female. Accordingly, the research focus in clinical studies as well as in cohort analyses has been almost exclusively on HIV-positive men. As a consequence, there is an urgent need to characterize and evaluate the outcome of HAART in HIV-positive women and to identify special requirements of this particular patient population. Methods Cross-sectional multicentre (n = 31 centres) evaluation to observe characteristics of 1,557 HIV-positive women receiving medical care in Germany between June 2007 and March 2008. Data acquisition was performed using standardized questionnaires. Summary of results Of 1,557 HIV-positive women studied, 1,191 (77%) received HAART. Mean age was 40 years and average time of known HIV-infection was 9 years. Risk of HIV transmission was: 40% heterosexual intercourse in Germany, 36% heterosexual intercourse in a high prevalence country; 17% IDU; 7% other reasons for transmission. 46% of the women had a migration background. Mean time on antiretroviral treatment was 7 years. 53% of the female participants had been treated with >2 HAART-regimens. 47% of the study subjects received a PI-based regimen, 33% a NNRTI-based regimen; 20% were on other combinations. The most commonly used PI and NNRTI were lopinavir/r and nevirapine, respectively. Only 48% of all women under HAART achieved a viral load <40 copies/ml. There was a significant difference between the PI-treated group with 44% patients <40 copies/ml and the NNRTI-treated group with 56% <40 copies/ml (p = 0.003). Conclusion We found that HIV-positive women depicted an inferior virological response to HAART compared to those previously published in German cohort analyses dominated by men (response rates >75%). Possible differences in adherence or drug resistance may have impacted these results and are currently being evaluated in ongoing sub-analyses. Of note, the lack of a study arm with male patients is a limitation of this investigation. However, this is partly off-set by the fact that there are good comparative data in the male population found in other cohorts. We conclude that our results are in discordance to the popular assumption that there are no gender specific differences in virological treatment outcome of HAART.
- 3OD – Once-daily (OD) TDF-containing HAART in HIV-1-infected former IVDU-patients receiving opiate substitution : efficacy, tolerability and adherence (2008)
- Poster presentation: Purpose of the study There is a clinical need for antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens that simplify dosing and make adherence easier for specific patient groups such as former intravenous drug users (IVDU) receiving opiate substitution. Availability of tenofovir DF (TDF) and other once-daily (OD) agents could offer a viable OD regimen. The 3OD study was designed to evaluate the use of OD HAART in IVDU patients. Methods 3OD was a single-arm, multicentre, 48-weeks trial to assess efficacy, tolerability and adherence to a OD TDF-containing HAART regimen in former IVDU patients receiving opiate substitution. Of 67 patients enrolled, 27 were antiretroviral treatment naïve, 10 were virologically suppressed (<400 copies/mL), and 30 were re-starting HAART without prior virological failure. Opiate substitution was adjusted according to subject symptoms of opiate overdosing or withdrawal. Various methods were used to assess adherence: besides pill count, patients were asked to fill in a MASRI (Medication Adherence Self-Report Inventory) questionnaire and an electronic log pad diary. Calculation of adherence by pill count assumed that unreturned pills had been taken by the subjects. Summary of results Overall, 55% (n = 37, ITT, M = F) of patients had viral load <400 copies/mL at week 48. Using an ITT, M = E analysis, 90% (37/41) of patients reached undetectable VL (<400 copies/mL), 56% (23/41 patients) had plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations <50 copies/mL at week 48. Only 30 patients (45%) completed the full study and the follow-up period. In 51% of patients, TDF adherence was >100% using pill count. MASRI showed adherence rates of 80–100% in 83–85% of patients; however, 15 patients never entered any data. Diary data were entered by 57 patients; diary data were entered for fewer days than patients received treatment (mean difference 113 days, calculated from treatment start and stop dates). Conclusion TDF in combination with other OD antiretrovirals in former IVDU patients showed comparable efficacy to that seen in the average HIV-1 infected population. However, measurement of adherence to self-administered HAART via pill count, MASRI or diary may be misleading in this population.