- Functional genomics of Arabidopsis thaliana heat stress transcription factors with detailed study on the transcriptional regulation and downstream target genes of HsfA2 (2007)
- 21 Hsfs belonging to classes A, B and C were identified in Arabidopsis following the sequencing of its genome. 1.) Cloning of full length and CTD chimeric constructs followed by transient reporter assays in tobacco protoplast using GUS fusion constructs of the promoters of Hsp17.4-CI, synthetic (HSE9) and APX2 showed Hsfs A1a, A1b, A1d, A1e, A2, A3 and A9 to be active. CTDs of Hsfs A7a, A7b and HsfC1 had activity but they showed poor DNA binding in reporter assays. Hsfs A1a, A1b, A1d, A1e, A2 and A3 were able to induce the expression of endogenous Hsps in tomato protoplasts. Interesting differences in promoter selectivity were observed for several Hsfs. 2.) RT-PCR and microarray analysis showed the Hsfs to be differentially expressed depending on tissue, abiotic and biotic stress, hormone and developmental s ge. Interesting patterns of coexpressed Hsfs were observed under different stresses and developmental stages. 3.) HsfA1b was found to be active on the plasmid borne PHsf:GUS reporters of Hsfs A1d, A2, A4a, A7b and B4 when tested in tobacco mesophyll protoplasts. Hsfs A1d, A2, A4a, A7b and B4 when tested in tobacco mesophyll protplasts. HsfA2 was inactive on PHsfA:GUS. HsfB1 showed repression of endogenous activity on several PHsf:GUS reporter constructs. 4.) The transcriptional regulation under heat stress and promoter organization of HsfA2 and FtSH4 (a metalloprotease gene oriented in a head to head fashion with HsfA2 in the Arabidopsis genome, sharing a common promoter region) was studied. The transcripts of FtSH4 and HsfA2 coaccumulated under heat stress. HsfA1b was active on PHsfA2:GUS and PFtSH4:GUS. Hsf binding sites on the intergenic region were determined using promoter deletion constructs in tobacco and Arabidopsis protoplasts. A bidirectional regulation of HsfA2 and FtSH4 by HsfA1b was observed in tobacco protoplast. 5.) Microarray analysis of a HsfA2 T-DNA insertion line vs. wild type Col-0 under heat stress conditions led to identification of a subset of target genes to be severely affected in the absence of HsfA2. Apart from several Hsps (heat stressproteins) and APX2 (Ascorbate peroxidase 2, oxidative stress scavenger), several other unknown genes are affected. APX2 was the most severely affected among them. HsfA2 was able to induce the transcription from its target gene promoters in fusion to GUS in transient reporter assays in tobacco protoplast. The HSE cluster to which HsfA2 binds on the APX2 promoter was also mapped by the same technique. The direct binding of HsfA2 to the promoter of selected target genes in the Arabidopsis genome was also demonstrated by chromatin immunoprecipitation studies.