- Extending the BMD approach to censored time-to-tumor data for applications in quantitative risk assessment of carcinogens (2010)
- The Benchmark Dose (BMD) approach, which was suggested firstly in 1984 by K. Crump [CRUMP (1984)], is a widely used instrument in risk assessment of substances in the environment and in food. In this context, the BMD approach determines a reference point (RfP) on the statistically estimated dose-response curve, for which the risk can be determined with adequate certainty and confidence. In the next step of risk characterization a threshold is calculated, based on this RfP and toxicological considerations. The BMD approach bases upon the fit of a dose-response model on the data. For this fit a stochastic distribution of the response endpoint is taken as a basis. Ultimately, the BMD reflects the dose for which a pre-specified increase in an adverse health effect (the benchmark response) can be expected. Until now, the BMD approach has been specified only for quantal and continuous endpoints. But in risk assessment of carcinogens especially so called time-to-event data are of high interest since they contain more information on the tumor development than quantal incidence data. The goal of this diploma thesis was to extend the BMD approach to such time-to-event data.