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- Online paging for flash memory devices (2009)
- We propose a variation of online paging in two-level memory systems where pages in the fast cache get modified and therefore have to be explicitly written back to the slow memory upon evictions. For increased performance, up to alpha arbitrary pages can be moved from the cache to the slow memory within a single joint eviction, whereas fetching pages from the slow memory is still performed on a one-by-one basis. The main objective in this new alpha-paging scenario is to bound the number of evictions. After providing experimental evidence that alpha-paging can adequately model flash-memory devices in the context of translation layers we turn to the theoretical connections between alpha-paging and standard paging. We give lower bounds for deterministic and randomized alpha-paging algorithms. For deterministic algorithms, we show that an adaptation of LRU is strongly competitive, while for the randomized case we show that by adapting the classical Mark algorithm we get an algorithm with a competitive ratio larger than the lower bound by a multiplicative factor of approximately 1.7.

- Improved space bounds for strongly competitive randomized paging algorithms (2013)
- Paging is one of the prominent problems in the field of on-line algorithms. While in the deterministic setting there exist simple and efficient strongly competitive algorithms, in the randomized setting a tradeoff between competitiveness and memory is still not settled. Bein et al. [4] conjectured that there exist strongly competitive randomized paging algorithms, using o(k) bookmarks, i.e. pages not in cache that the algorithm keeps track of. Also in [4] the first algorithm using O(k) bookmarks (2k more precisely), Equitable2, was introduced, proving in the affirmative a conjecture in [7]. We prove tighter bounds for Equitable2, showing that it requires less than k bookmarks, more precisely ≈ 0.62k. We then give a lower bound for Equitable2 showing that it cannot both be strongly competitive and use o(k) bookmarks. Nonetheless, we show that it can trade competitiveness for space. More precisely, if its competitive ratio is allowed to be (Hk + t), then it requires k/(1 + t) bookmarks. Our main result proves the conjecture that there exist strongly competitive paging algorithms using o(k) bookmarks. We propose an algorithm, denoted Partition2, which is a variant of the Partition algorithm byMcGeoch and Sleator [13]. While classical Partition is unbounded in its space requirements, Partition2 uses θ(k/ log k) bookmarks. Furthermore, we show that this result is asymptotically tight when the forgiveness steps are deterministic.