Year of publication
- 1997 (4) (remove)
- Raoul Palmer, World War II, and transabdominal coelioscopy. Laparoscopy extends into gynecology (1997)
- Laparoscopy between the World Wars: the barriers to Trans-Atlantic exchange : spotlighting Heinz Kalk and John C. Ruddock (1997)
- This profile of laparoscopic pioneers between the world wars “spotlights” Heinz Kalk, a German surgeon, and John C. Ruddock, an American internist. Social, political and economic upheavals characterized the decades between World War I and World War II and, along with geographic and communication restraints, permitted the concept of laparoscopy to develop differently in separate settings.
- Laparoscopy - the early attempts: spotlighting Georg Kelling and Hans Christian Jacobaeus (1997)
- The traditional gap between surgeons and internists was much wider 100 years ago than nowadays. At the beginning of the twentieth century, neither group was particularly open to the idea of scholarly exchange. In this respect, both early pioneers of laparoscopy, Georg Kelling (1866–1945, a German surgeon of Dresden, and Hans Christian Jacobaeus (1879–1937), an internist from Stockholm, Sweden, were interesting exceptions. ..
- Hans Frangenheim - culdoscopy vs. laparoscopy, the first book on gynecological endoscopy, and "cold light" (1997)
- In the United States, culdoscopy (a vaginal approach to view the abdomen) replaced laparoscopy for about 20 years, circa 1950-1970. In contrast to many of his colleagues, Hans Frangenheim of Wuppertal, Germany, was not satisfied with culdoscopy and turned to an abdominal approach. Frangenheim began publishing his experiences with gynecological laparoscopy in 1958 and stressed technical improvements. He constructed a CO2 insufflator, wrote the first book on gynecological endoscopy, and introduced "cold light" into laparoscopy. Frangenheim strongly stimulated the rise of gynecological laparoscopy in Europe in the 1960s and later.