Year of publication
- 2008 (1) (remove)
- Baryon stopping and quark-gluon plasma production at RHIC and LHC (2008)
- Strong chromofields developed at early stages of relativistic heavy-ion collisions give rise to the collective deceleration of net baryons from colliding nuclei. We have solved classical equations of motion for baryonic slabs under the action of time-dependent chromofield. We have studied sensitivity of the slab trajectories and their final rapidities to the initial strength and decay pattern of the chromofield as well as to the back reaction of produced plasma. This mechanism can naturally explain significant baryon stopping observed at RHIC, an average rapidity loss hδyi ≈ 2. Using a Bjorken hydrodynamical model with particle producing source we also study the evolution of partonic plasma produced as the result of chromofield decay. Due to the delayed formation and expansion of plasma its maximum energy density is much lower than the initial energy density of the chromofield. It is shown that the net-baryon and produced parton distributions are strongly correlated in the rapidity space. The shape of net-baryon spectra in midrapidity region found in the BRAHMS experiment cannot be reproduced by only one value of chromofield energy density parameter ǫ0, even if one takes into account novel mechanisms as fluctuations of color charges generated on the slab surface, and weak interaction of baryon-rich matter with produced plasma. The further step to improve our results is to take into account rapidity dependence of saturation momentum as explained in thesis. Different values of parameter ǫ0 has been tried for different variants of chromofield decay to fit BRAHMS data for net-baryon rapidity distribution. In accordance with our analysis, data for fragmentation region correspond to the lower chromofield energy densities than mid-rapidity region. χ2 analysis favors power-law of chromofield decay with corresponding initial chromofield energy density of order ǫf = 30GeV/fm3.