- Tumor necrosis factor polymorphisms in psoriatic arthritis : association with the promoter polymorphism TNF-857 independent of the PSORS1 risk allele (2007)
- Poster presentation Background Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the TNF gene at positions -238 and -308 have earlier been associated with psoriasis vulgaris and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). However, a strong linkage disequilibrium at the chromosomal region 6p21 renders the interpretation of these findings difficult since also other risk factors for psoriasis (PSORS1) than SNPs of the TNF gene have bee mapped to that particular region. Therefore, in this study several SNPs of the TNF gene and of its neighbouring lymphotoxin alpha (LTA) gene were analysed independently and dependently on carrying the PSORS1 risk allele. Methods SNPs in the promoter of the TNF gene (-238G/A, -308G/A, -857C/T, -1031T/C), and one SNP of the LTA gene (+252A/G), of the TNLFRSF1A gene (+36A/G) and of the TNLFRSF1B gene (+676T/G), respectively, were genotyped in 375 psoriasis patients, 375 PsA patients, and 376 controls. The tryptophan–tryptophan–cysteine–cysteine haplotype of the CCHCR1 gene (CCHCR1*WWCC) was used to estimate the genetic impact of the PSORS1 risk allele. Results Whereas an earlier-described association of allele TNF*-238A with psoriasis could be confirmed, our study revealed that this association was completely dependent on concomitant carriage of the PSORS1 risk allele. For PsA, but not psoriasis vulgaris without joint manifestations, strong association with the allele TNF*-857T was detected (OR = 1.956; P value corrected for multiple testing, Pcorr = 0.0025) also in patients negative for the PSORS1 risk allele. Conclusion Our results indicate genetic differences between psoriasis vulgaris patients with and without joint manifestation. While the previously reported association between TNF*-238A and psoriasis seems to primarily reflect linkage disequilibrium with PSORS1, TNF*-857T may represent a risk factor for PsA independent of PSORS1. A potential pathophysiologic relevance of the elucidated genetic association is further suggested by previously reported experimental evidence for a functional impact of the respective TNF polymorphism on TNFalpha expression levels.
- Manifestation of palmoplantar pustulosis during or after infliximab therapy for plaque-type psoriasis : report on five cases (2008)
- Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody directed against TNF-alpha. It has been approved for use in rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriatic arthritis and plaque-type psoriasis. In case reports, positive effects on pustular variants of psoriasis have also been reported. However, paradoxically, manifestation of pustular psoriasis and plaque-type psoriasis has been reported in patients treated with TNF antagonists including infliximab for other indications. Here, we report on 5 patients with chronic plaque-type psoriasis who developed palmoplantar pustulosis during or after discontinuation of infliximab therapy. In two of the five cases, manifestation of palmoplantar pustulosis was not accompanied by worsening of plaque-type psoriasis. Possibly, site-specific factors or a differential contribution of immunological processes modulated by TNF inhibitors to palmoplantar pustulosis and plaque-type psoriasis may have played a role.
- German evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of Psoriasis vulgaris (short version) (2007)
- Psoriasis vulgaris is a common and chronic inflammatory skin disease which has the potential to significantly reduce the quality of life in severely affected patients. The incidence of psoriasis in Western industrialized countries ranges from 1.5 to 2%. Despite the large variety of treatment options available, patient surveys have revealed insufficient satisfaction with the efficacy of available treatments and a high rate of medication non-compliance. To optimize the treatment of psoriasis in Germany, the Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft and the Berufsverband Deutscher Dermatologen (BVDD) have initiated a project to develop evidence-based guidelines for the management of psoriasis. The guidelines focus on induction therapy in cases of mild, moderate, and severe plaque-type psoriasis in adults. The short version of the guidelines reported here consist of a series of therapeutic recommendations that are based on a systematic literature search and subsequent discussion with experts in the field; they have been approved by a team of dermatology experts. In addition to the therapeutic recommendations provided in this short version, the full version of the guidelines includes information on contraindications, adverse events, drug interactions, practicality, and costs as well as detailed information on how best to apply the treatments described (for full version, please see Nast et al., JDDG, Suppl 2:S1–S126, 2006; or http://www.psoriasis-leitlinie.de).