- 3OD – Once-daily (OD) TDF-containing HAART in HIV-1-infected former IVDU-patients receiving opiate substitution : efficacy, tolerability and adherence (2008)
- Poster presentation: Purpose of the study There is a clinical need for antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens that simplify dosing and make adherence easier for specific patient groups such as former intravenous drug users (IVDU) receiving opiate substitution. Availability of tenofovir DF (TDF) and other once-daily (OD) agents could offer a viable OD regimen. The 3OD study was designed to evaluate the use of OD HAART in IVDU patients. Methods 3OD was a single-arm, multicentre, 48-weeks trial to assess efficacy, tolerability and adherence to a OD TDF-containing HAART regimen in former IVDU patients receiving opiate substitution. Of 67 patients enrolled, 27 were antiretroviral treatment naïve, 10 were virologically suppressed (<400 copies/mL), and 30 were re-starting HAART without prior virological failure. Opiate substitution was adjusted according to subject symptoms of opiate overdosing or withdrawal. Various methods were used to assess adherence: besides pill count, patients were asked to fill in a MASRI (Medication Adherence Self-Report Inventory) questionnaire and an electronic log pad diary. Calculation of adherence by pill count assumed that unreturned pills had been taken by the subjects. Summary of results Overall, 55% (n = 37, ITT, M = F) of patients had viral load <400 copies/mL at week 48. Using an ITT, M = E analysis, 90% (37/41) of patients reached undetectable VL (<400 copies/mL), 56% (23/41 patients) had plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations <50 copies/mL at week 48. Only 30 patients (45%) completed the full study and the follow-up period. In 51% of patients, TDF adherence was >100% using pill count. MASRI showed adherence rates of 80–100% in 83–85% of patients; however, 15 patients never entered any data. Diary data were entered by 57 patients; diary data were entered for fewer days than patients received treatment (mean difference 113 days, calculated from treatment start and stop dates). Conclusion TDF in combination with other OD antiretrovirals in former IVDU patients showed comparable efficacy to that seen in the average HIV-1 infected population. However, measurement of adherence to self-administered HAART via pill count, MASRI or diary may be misleading in this population.
- Efficacy and safety of TDF/FTC-containing first-line HAART in clinical practice – 2-year data from the German Outpatient Cohort (2008)
- Poster presentation: Purpose of the study First-line HAART with tenofovir DF (TDF) and FTC in pivotal trials has been associated with high efficacy and good tolerability. However, real-life clinical practice often differs from clinical trials due to co-morbidities, co-infections, and less intensive clinical monitoring. To evaluate efficacy and safety of first-line HAART in a day-to-day setting, this Gilead-sponsored non-interventional cohort was established. Methods Between July 2005 and August 2006, 533 HIV-1 infected antiretroviral-naïve patients from 50 German centres enrolled in this non-interventional cohort. All patients were followed every 3 months for 3 years to monitor efficacy (viral load [VL], CD4), tolerability, renal safety, regimen changes and resistance profile. All patients received TDF+FTC as a single tablet (Truvada, TVD) in combination with either an NNRTI or PI/r as their first antiretroviral regimen. Summary of results As of June 2008, 2 years of therapy have been documented for 330/533 (62%) patients. At treatment initiation, 81% were male; median age was 39 years; clinical AIDS diagnosis was documented in 22%; 47% started therapy with CD4 <200 cells/mm3. TVD was combined with an NNRTI (43%) or a PI/r (57%). After 24 months, in an As-Treated (AT) analysis, 85% patients achieved a VL <50 copies/ml (VL <500 copies/ml: 97%), median CD4 count increased from 217 at baseline to 450 cells/mm3 (IQR: 325–608). Truvada showed a good safety profile; 76 adverse events (AEs) of any grade were reported in 66/533 patients (12%); six of these were judged serious. Fourteen (2.6%) patients discontinued TVD due to AEs. Renal abnormalities of any grade were reported in 10 patients (1.9%). Virological failure was documented in nine patients, of which eight were genotyped; M184V/I was detected in three, K65R in two patients. Conclusion During 2 years of follow-up, the overall safety of TVD was good; renal AEs of any grade were reported in 1.9% of patients. K65R was detected in two patients. First-line HAART with TVD plus an NNRTI or PI/r in clinical practice showed comparable efficacy to that observed in controlled clinical trials.