Year of publication
- Preprint (40) (remove)
- Pion and Strangeness Production as Signals of QCD Phase Transition (1997)
- It is shown that data on pion and strangeness production in central nucleus-nucleus collisions are consistent with the hypothesis of a Quark Gluon Plasma formation between 15 A GeV/c (BNL AGS) and 160 A GeV/c (CERN SPS) collision energies. The experimental results interpreted in the framework of a statistical approach indicate that the effective number of degrees of freedom increases by a factor of about 3 in the course of the phase transition and that the plasma created at CERN SPS energy may have a temperature of about 280 MeV (energy density $\approx$ 10 GeV/fm^3). Experimental studies of central Pb+Pb collisions in the energy range 20-160 A GeV/c are urgently needed in order to localize the threshold energy, and study the properties of the QCD phase transition.
- Pion Suppression in Nuclear Collisions (1997)
- The pion multiplicity per participating nucleon in central nucleus-nucleus collisions at the energies 2-15 A GeV is significantly smaller than in nucleon-nucleon interactions at the same collision energy. This effect of pion suppression is argued to appear due to the evolution of the system produced at the early stage of heavy-ion collisions towards a local thermodynamic equilibrium and further isentropic expansion.
- On event-by-event fluctuations in nuclear collisions (1997)
- We demonstrate that a new type of analysis in heavy-ion collisions, based on an event-by-event analysis of the transverse momentum distribution, allows us to obtain information on secondary interactions and collective behaviour that is not available from the inclusive spectra. Using a random walk model as a simple phenomenological description of initial state scattering in collisions with heavy nuclei, we show that the event-by-event measurement allows a quantitative determination of this effect, well within the resolution achievable with the new generation of large acceptance hadron spectrometers. The preliminary data of the NA49 collaboration on transverse momentum fluctuations indicate qualitatively different behaviour than that obtained within the random walk model. The results are discussed in relation to the thermodynamic and hydrodynamic description of nuclear collisions.
- Quark gluon plasma in a + a collisions at CERN SPS (1998)
- A brief review of a history of data collection and interpretation of the results on high energy A+A collisions is presented. Basic assumptions and main results of a statistical model of the early stage of the A+A collisions are discussed. It is concluded that a broad set of experimental data is in agreement with the hypothesis that QGP is created in central A+A (S+S and Pb+Pb) collisions at the SPS. Carefull experimental investigation of the A+A collisions in the energy region between top AGS and SPS energies is needed.
- A method to study "chemical" fluctuations in nucleus-nucleus collisions (1998)
- A method to study event-by-event fluctuations of the chemical (particle type) composition of the final state of high energy collisions is proposed.
- On J/psi production in nuclear collisions (1998)
- Data on J/psi production in inelastic proton-proton, proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus interactions at 158 A GeV are analyzed and it is shown that the ratio of mean multiplicities of J/psi mesons and pions is the same for all these collisions. This observation is difficult to understand within current models of J/psi production in nuclear collisions based on the assumption of hard QCD creation of charm quarks.
- Power law in hadron production (2001)
- In high energy p+p(bar) interactions the mean multiplicity and transverse mass spectra of neutral mesons from eta to Upsilon (m = 0.5 - 10 GeV/c^2) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T > 1 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable behaviour: they follow, over more than 10 orders of magnitude, the power-law function:The parameters C and P are energy dependent, but similar for all mesons produced at the same collision energy. This scaling resembles that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power-law factor (E/Lambda)^(-P).
- Comment on "Charged particle ratio fluctuation as a signal for quark-gluon plasma" and "Fluctuation probes of quark deconfinement" (2001)
- Charge fluctuations studied on event-by-event basis have been recently suggested to provide a signal of the equilibrium quark-gluon plasma produced in heavy-ion collisions at high energies. It is argued that the fluctuations generated at the early collision stage when the energy is released can fake the signal. PACS 25.75.-q, 12.38.Mh, 24.60.-k
- Highlights of CERN workshop on charm production in A + A collisions (2000)
- Models and experimental effort concerning open and hidden charm production in nuclear collisions discussed at Cern Workshop in December 99 are reviewed. The most recent development is also mentioned.
- Comment on 'Comparison of strangeness production between A + A and p + p reactions from 2 to 160 A GeV', by J. C. Dunlop and C. A. Ogilvie (2000)
- A recent paper on energy dependence of strangeness production in A+A and p+p interactions written by Dunlop and Ogilvie (Phys. ReV. C61 031901(R) (2000) indicates that there is a significant misunderstanding about the concept of strangeness enhancement and its role as a signal of Quark Gluon Plasma creation. In this comment we will try to clarify some essential points. 25.75.Dw, 13.85.Ni, 21.65.+f