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- Conference Proceeding (3)
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#### Keywords

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- From microscopic interactions to the dynamics of the fireball (2014)
- We discuss recent applications of the partonic perturbative QCD based cascade model BAMPS with focus on heavy-ion phenomenology in the hard and soft momentum range. First, the elliptic flow and suppression of charm and bottom quarks are studied at LHC energies. Thereafter, we compare in a detailed study the standard Gunion-Bertsch approximation of the matrix elements for inelastic processes to the exact results in leading order perturbative QCD. Since a disagreement is found, we propose an improved Gunion-Bertsch matrix element, which agrees with the exact result in all phase space regions.

- Electromagnetic probes in heavy-ion collisions (2018)
- In this thesis we work on the theoretical description of relativistic heavy-ion collisions, focussing on electromagnetic probes. We present mainly four topics: electric conductivity and diffusion properties of the hot plasma and hadronic matter, response of the quark-gluon plasma to external magnetic fields, direct photon production in the quark-gluon plasma and a study about initial and final state effects in small systems. The latter topic aims, i.a., at a better understanding of the initial state, which is crucial for electromagnetic probes. In all research areas we make use of the Boltzmann transport equation, whereby the presented methods provide analytical and numerical solutions. We pay particular attention to the construction of complete leading order photon production processes in numerical transport simulations of the quark-gluon plasma. To begin with, our findings are the complete conserved charge diffusion matrix and electric conductivity. Those properties are important ingredients, e.g., for future simulations of baryon rich collisions. Next, we find that the influence of external magnetic fields to the QGP dynamics is not quantifiable in observables. We present results for a variety of direct photon observables and we can partly explain experimental data. We emphasize the importance of the chemical composition and non-equilibrium nature of the medium to the direct photon puzzle. Lastly, we observe the interesting dynamic behavior of azimuthal correlations in small systems and identify signatures of the initial state in final observables. This will also be of interest for more precise simulations of electromagnetic probes and allows for various future studies.

- Collectivity in small systems - Initial state vs. final state effects (2018)
- Observations of long rang azimuthal correlations in small collision systems (p+p/A) have triggered an enormous excitement in the heavy-ion community. However, it is presently unclear to what extent the experimentally observed correlations should be attributed to initial state momentum correlations and/or the final state response to the initial state geometry. We discuss how a consistent theoretical description of the nonequilibrium dynamics is important to address both effects within a unified framework and present first results from weakly coupled non-equilibrium simulations in [1] to quantify the relative importance of initial state and final state effects based on theoretical calculations.

- Diffusion of conserved charges in relativistic heavy ion collisions (2019)
- We discuss the diffusion currents occurring in a dilute system and show that the charge currents do not only depend on gradients in the corresponding charge density, but also on the other conserved charges in the system—the diffusion currents are therefore coupled. Gradients in one charge thus generate dissipative currents in a different charge. In this approach, we model the Navier-Stokes term of the generated currents to consist of a diffusion coefficient matrix, in which the diagonal entries are the usual diffusion coefficients and the off-diagonal entries correspond to the coupling of different diffusion currents. We evaluate the complete diffusion matrix for a specific hadron gas and for a simplified quark-gluon gas, including baryon, electric and strangeness charge. Our findings are that the off-diagonal entries can range within the same magnitude as the diagonal ones.