- Takarda daga Kaltungo : ein Brief von Mr. Fada Feson aus Kaltungo (1995)
- Ein ungewöhnlicher Zufall wollte es, daß mir vor einiger Zeit beim Durchblättern eines Buches ein Brief in die Hände fiel, welcher sogleich meine Aufmerksamkeit erregte. Zum einen war es das übergroße Format der Briefbögen, sodann eine klare ebenmäßige Schrift, vor allem aber war es der Absendeort "Kaltungo", der mich veranlaßte, die einzelnen Seiten genauer in Augenschein zu nehmen. Der sechs Seiten lange Brief wurde am 1. August 1961 von Mr. FADA FESON, einem Lehrer der "Junior Primary School Ture", an Herrn ARND RUF in Feldberg, Bärental geschrieben und ist bis auf die Anrede, einige kurze Zitate sowie einen fünfzeiligen Absatz am Ende auf Hausa verfaßt. Der Anlaß des Schreibens ist ganz offensichtlich in mehreren historisch-ethnographischen Fragen des Adressaten zu sehen, um deren Beantwortung sich der Schreiber bemühte. Dieser Brief schien mir allein schon deshalb einer Veröffentlichung wert, weil hier verschiedene kulturgeschichtliche Themenbereiche eines Volkes und eines Gebietes angesprochen werden, die heute kaum mehr bekannt, vielleicht sogar schon vergessen sind.
- The concept of Pulaaku mirrored in fulfulde proverbs of the Gombe dialect (2000)
- The paper gives a brief history of the Fulçe people who are found all over West and Central Africa. Since no study of a people is complete without mentioning their language, the paper also gives a very brief account of Fulfulde, the language of the Fulçe people. However, the central focus of the paper is the concept of pulaaku, that unique attribute of the Fulçe that serves as an unwritten code of conduct for all ‘true’ Fulçe. Pulaaku is Fulçe’s guiding principle in their dealings with their fellow Fulçe as well as with all other people. Rather than talk about pulaaku in isolation, however, the paper tries to mirror it through Fulfulde proverbs. Coded or loaded messages called wise-sayings or proverbs are widely used in all languages. Fulfulde is particularly rich in this, which is why the paper explores this reservoir of knowledge in trying to portray the rich culture of the Fulçe people. The corpus of proverbs from which the selected proverbs come, was compiled in and around Gombe with the help of Mallam Bappayo Bappa Yerima Djibril. Since the Fulçe are easily the most dispersed people in Africa, no single study can do real justice to all of them. This is why this study narrows its scope to cover just the Fulçe of Gombe area of the northeastern of Nigeria.
- The monologue of the dove : reflections on life and death in an oral tradition of the Kwami People in northern Nigeria (1994)
- The tale portrays the unhappy life of a dove. Constantly surrounded by enemies, hunted by human beings and animals, disappointed by friends and separated from her family, the dove despairs of her life. She ponders over her unjust fate in this world and in a monologue she begins to consider, whether it would not be better to end her own life. This tragic theme forms the climax of several episodes, in which the tension between life and death is described. The elaborate development of dramatic acts demonstrates the intertwining of guilt and innocence in human existence.
- Language and migration : the impact of the Jukun on Chadic speaking groups in the Benue-Gongola basin (1996)
- Our paper deals with the problems of migration, culture and language in the wider Benue-Gongola basin. Here are mainly concerned the West-Chadic speaking groups Kwami, Kupto, Kushi and Piya as well as the Jukun who speak a language belonging to the Benue-Congo family. We try to point out the possible reasons for their historical migrations and in particular the consequences of ethnic expansion of the Jukun in the middle Benue region. History shows that contacts of ethnic groups - being peaceful or by force - had always led to mutual influences and changes in culture and language, which finally resulted in cultural fusion of various aspects. Our study, based mainly on oral traditions as well as on linguistic comparisons, focusses especially on the history of the above mentioned Chadic groups, who are considered - according to our hypothesis - to have come in close contact with the Jukun. Subsequently the warlike expansion of the Jukun caused a strong turmoil which led to the scattering of the various ethnic units.