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- Cold fission as cluster decay with dissipation (1996)
- For cold (neutronless) fission we consider an analytical model of quantum tunneling with dissipation through a barrier U(q) evaluated with a M3Y nucleon-nucleon force. We calculate the tunneling spectrum, i.e., the fission rate as a function of the total kinetic energy of the fragments. The theoretical results are compared with the experimental data obtained for the fine structure of two cold fission modes of 252Cf: 148Ba+104Mo and 146Ba+106Mo. Taking into account the dissipative coupling of the potential function U(q) and of the momentum p with all the other neglected coordinates, we obtain a remarkable agreement with the experimental data. We conclude that the cold fission process is a spontaneous decay with a spectrum determined by the shape of the barrier and an amplitude depending on the strength of the dissipative coupling.

- Inelastic excitation and neutron transfer in the 13-13C scattering with the molecular particle-core model (1987)
- The molecular particle-core model is applied to the scattering of 13C on 13C. The model divides the 13C+ 13C system into two 12C cores and two valence neutrons. The valence neutrons are described with molecular eigenfunctions of the symmetric two-center shell model. Coupled channel calculations are carried out for the inelastic single and mutual excitation of the first (1/2+ state of 13C and the neutron transfer to the 12C+14C system. The results reproduce the experimental data. The analysis of the S matrix shows that the gross structure of the transfer excitation function is related to resonances in the relative motion of the elastic and transfer channels.

- Potential barriers and Landau-Zener promotion in the inelastic excitation of 17O by 13C ions (1986)
- The inelastic excitation of the (1/2)+ (871 keV) state of 17O in the reaction of 13C on 17O is described by a time-dependent quantum mechanical model with two diabatic states and a classical treatment of the radial relative motion. The structures in the angle-integrated cross section are interpreted as caused by the barriers of the angular momentum-dependent potentials. The transition strength is enhanced by the Landau-Zener effect between the levels considered.

- Molecular interpretation of the neutron transfer in the reaction 13C(13C,12C)14C within the two-center shell model (1983)
- On the basis of the two-center shell model a molecular reaction theory is applied to the reaction 13C(13C, 12C)14C. Prominent structures in the measured differential cross sections can be reproduced by this theory.

- Nuclear molecular barrier resonances in the scattering of 28Si on 28Si studied by coupled channel calculations (1984)
- For the scattering of 28Si on 28Si coupled channel calculations of the elastic scattering and inelastic single excitation of the first 2+ state of 28Si are carried out. The real coupling potentials are calculated in the framework of an adiabatic model. The resulting cross sections reveal structures in agreement with the observed ones and support their interpretation as nuclear molecular resonances.

- Molecular single-particle excitations in heavy-ion reactions involving deformed light nuclei (1982)
- Two-center level diagrams for the neutron orbitals in the scattering of 16O on 25Mg and of 17O on 24Mg are calculated by using a deformed potential for 24,25Mg. Possible consequences of the nuclear Landau-Zener mechanism, namely the promotion of nucleons at avoided level crossings, and of the rotational coupling between crossing molecular single-particle orbitals are studied for inelastic excitation and neutron transfer. The important excitation and transfer processes, which are enhanced by the promotion process and the rotational coupling, are presented. NUCLEAR REACTIONS Heavy ion scattering, theory of nucleon transfer, molecular wave functions, asymmetric two center shell model, single particle excitation, deformed nuclei.

- Signatures of molecular single-particle states by level crossings in heavy ion collisions (1980)
- In heavy ion collisions, the molecular single-particle motion may cause specific structures in the energy dependence of the cross sections which arise by the promotion of nucleons at level crossings according to the Landau-Zener excitation mechanism. In order to examine this effect in asymmetric heavy ion collisions, we have calculated level diagrams of the two-center shell model for the target projectile combinations 13C + 16O and 12C + 17O and analyzed with respect to inelastic excitation and neutron transfer. We select certain reactions as possible candidates for showing enhanced cross sections for nucleon excitation and transfer due to real and avoided level crossings near the Fermi level.

- Quasimolecular states in the 12C-12C system (1977)
- Quasimolecular resonance structures in the 12C-12C system are studied in the framework of the coupled channel formalism in the energy range Ec.m.=5-14 MeV. The influence of the coupling of the first excited 2+ state in 12C on the resonance structures is investigated by choosing various types of coupling potentials. The intermediate structures in the reflection and transition coefficients and cross sections can be interpreted with the double resonance mechanism. NUCLEAR REACTIONS 12C(12C, 12C), quasimolecular states, coupling potentials, coupled channel calculations for σ(θ).

- Molecular particle-core model and its application to 13C-13C scattering (1978)
- On the basis of the two-center shell model a theory is developed for the excitation of loosely bound nucleons in heavy ion collisions. These nucleons move in the two-center shell model potential generated by all the nucleons and are described by molecular wave functions. The model is applied to calculate the cross sections for the elastic and inelastic 13C-13C scattering. The cross sections show intermediate structures caused by the excitation of quasibound resonances in the molecular nucleus-nucleus potential. NUCLEAR REACTIONS 13C(13C,13C) molecular wave functions, dynamical two-center shell model, quasimolecular resonances, radial and Coriolis coupling, coupled channel calculations for σ(θ).

- Theory of nucleon transfer in the dynamical two-center shell model (1979)
- The theory of nucleon transfer in heavy ion reactions is formulated on the basis of the molecular particlecore model for a system consisting of two cores and one extracore nucleon. The extracore nucleon is described by the molecular wave functions of the asymmetric two-center shell model. The cores, which are assumed to be collectively excitable, are treated with vibrator-rotator models. Potentials for shape polarization are contained in the asymmetric two-center shell model and the interaction between the cores. The excitation and transfer of the extracore nucleon is induced by the radial and rotational couplings. The coupled channel equations, which include the recoil effects in first approximation, are derived in a form suitable for numerical calculations of cross sections. NUCLEAR REACTIONS Heavy ion scattering, theory of nucleon transfer, molecular wave functions, two-center shell model, collective and single-particle excitation.