- English (1) (remove)
- Overexpression, biochemical characterization and crystallization of Chitin Synthase 2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (2008)
- Life-threatening fungal infections are becoming increasingly common for immunocompromised patients such as those with AIDS, or those undergoing organ transplantation or chemotheraphy, as well as for other health-vulnerable patients. Excellent targets for antifungal drugs are chitin synthases, which are essential for survival of the fungus and lacking in humans. To design new antifungal drugs, knowledge of the three-dimensional structure and mechanism of action of chitin synthases are crucial. Chitin synthases are members of an important family of enzymes that synthesize structural polysaccharides, such as cellulose, β(1,3)-glucan, β(1,4)-mannan and hyaluronan. Therefore, chitin synthases could be used as a model system to understand these more complex enzymes, which are also of major medical and commercial importance. Chitin synthase 2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ScChS2), the protein under study, is an integral membrane protein that synthesizes the primary septum between mother and daughter cells in budding yeast. It is essential for proper cell separation and expected to be highly regulated. An important aspect is that ScChS2 shows 55% sequence identity and is functionally analogous to chitin synthase 1 from the human opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans, this enzyme is also essential for cell survival (Munro, Winter et al. 2001). ...