Biologische Hochschulschriften (Goethe-Universität)
Overexpression and analysis on posttranslational modification of the retinoic acid related orphan receptor alpha4
- The retinoic acid related orphan receptor alpha (RORalpha) regulates the expression of various target genes by binding to specific response elements in their promoter region. RORalpha is an interesting pharmaceutical target since it positively affects several pathophysiological processes of clinical relevance. RORalpha enhances the expression of Apo-AI protein, the major constituent of HDL, which is responsible for the cholesterol transportation. RORalpha notably contributes to the bone mineralization and generation of the extracellular bone matrix, demonstrating its involvement in osteoporosis, and by up-regulating the gene for IKBalpha, RORalpha has anti-inflammatory effects. Moreover, RORalpha is necessary for cerebellar development and the maintenance of the mammalian day-night periodicity governed by the core-clock within the suprachiasmatic nuclei. RORalpha receptors have been reported to bind cholesterol, melatonin, or to function ligand-independent. By monomeric binding to the recognition motif AGGTCA preceded by an A/T-rich sequence (ROR response element, RORE), RORalpha constitutively activates gene transcription. However, RORalpha activity is passively suppressed by its opponents RevErbalpha and RevErbbeta, which both bind to the same target sequence. ...