Weitere biologische Literatur (eingeschränkter Zugriff)
Schlüssel zur Bestimmung von Frischfunden der europäischen Arten der Boletales mit röhrigem Hymenophor
- Schlüssel zur Bestiminung europäischer Boletales mit Röhren werden vorgestellt. Der Artenschlüssel ist großteils nir Bestimmung von Frischmaterial angelegt. Die Schlüssel zu den Familien und Gattungen sowie die Gattungsdiagnosen sind auf Europa bezogen und müßten in weltweiter Sicht noch erweitert werden. Im Schlüssel wurden einige in den letzten Jahren vorgcnoinmenen Neukombinationen und Synonymisierungen nicht übernommen. Für die nunmehr in Xerocomus integrierte Gattung Phylloporus wird die Schaffung einer Untergattung vorgeschlagen. Auch eine neue Sektion, eine neue Art und einige neue Kombinationen werden vorgeschlagen.
Hepatic stem cells and hepatoblasts : identification, isolation, and ex vivo maintenance
Mark E. Furth
Randall E McClelland
Hsin Lei Yao
Lola M. Reid
A review of African Amblyomma species (Acari, Ixodida, Ixodidae)
O. V. Volcit
James E. Keirans
- This review includes descriptions of all available African Amblyomma species, keys to males and females, data on synonymy, distribution, and host-parasite associations.
Taxonomical study of oribatid mites from Taiwan (Acarina: Astigmata) (I)
- This study treats 76 species, in which 58 species and 14 genera are described as new. The species are arranged in 28 families and 56 genera. The oribatid or cryptostigmatid mites are cosmopolitan group of more than 6500 species relegated to approximate 700 genera and 134 families. The body length of most oribatid species ranges 300-1200 μ. The oribatid mites are darkly coloured and covered with a rigid exoskelecton. The life cycle consists of egg, larva, protonymph, tritonymph, deutonymph and adult. These mites are best known as inhabitants of litter and upper soil strata, their small size and shunning of light caused them to receive little attention for many years. In recently studies of soil fauna, it has been shown that is an economic importance for human, i.e. many species feed on surface plant detritus, and may therefore play a major role in maintaining the fertility of soils; they could become an indicator of soil physical and chemical characters. Some species have also been shown to act as vectors of various tapewonns; they feed almost exclusively on tyroglyphid mites and attack the parasitic hymenopteran, Polynotus zosini; and several species are associated with plant, they have been reported to damage the leaf, the foot and the stem of potato, strawberry, turlip, citrus and mushroom. Systematic studies of these mites are scarcely found in Taiwan. The present paper deals with 76 species, 56 genera in 28 families, among them, 58 species and 14 genera are described as new. The author hopes that this study constitutes an example to show that the wealth of fascinating information could be gained and also hopes that this finding might be useful for elucidating the taxonomy of oribatid mites in Taiwan.
Modern dark-field microscopy and the history of its development
Simon Henry Gage
Sven G. Segerstråle
Osservazioni su Raadshoovenia Van Den Bold e i suoi rapporti col nuovo genere Scandonea (Foraminiferida, Miliolacea)
Piero De Castro
- Nei sedimenti neritiei del Cretacico superiore dell'Appennino sono presenli dei miliolidi planispirali, involuti, spesso provvisti di stadio svolto. con apertura cribrata ed endoscheletro costituito, nelle logge adulte, da strato basale e da lame. Questi caratteri sono quelli che fino ad ora caratterizzavano il genere Raadshoovenia VAN DEN BOLO. Allo scopo di accertare fino a che punto le forme da me riscontrate differissero da quelle' guatemalteche ho esaminato alcuni esemplari di Raadshoovenia guatemalensis raccolti da VAN DEN BOLO. In essi ho potuto riscontrare dci caratteri interni più complessi di quelli che figurano nella diagnosi generica; questi sono costituiti, nelle logge adulte, oltre che da lame anche da strato basale e da pilastri che, lateralmente, si saldano tra loro e con le lame determinando camerette centrali e marginali. Si è reso perciò opportuno l'emendamento del genere Raadshoovenia e della sua specie tipo R. guatemalellsis. In base alla diagnosi emendata risultano sinonimi del genere di VAN DEN BOLD Cuvillierinella (PAPETTI e TEDESCHI, 1965) e Murciella (FOURCADE, 1966). Le forme da me rinvenute nell'Appennino e che soddisfano alla vecchia diagnosi di Raaclshoovenia sono state attribuite a Scandonea n. gen. la cui specie tipo è Scandonea samnitica n. sp. Si è proposta, inoltre, una diagnosi più comprensiva per ]a famiglia Alveolinidae al fine di poter inserire in essa il genere di VAN DEN BOLD. In questo lavoro ho accennato, in un apposito paragrafo, alla nomenclatura adottata. In particolare, le misure di altezza sono espresse da segmenti perpendicolari all'asse di avvolgimento o all'andamento della spira; per questo motivo altezza del guseio o dei giri sono sinonimi di diametro del guscio e diametro dei giri. Le misure di larghezza sono espresse da segmenti paralleli all'asse di avvolgimento; quelle di lunghezza vengono eseguite parallelamente all'andamento della spira.
Physical-chemical properties of bile acids and their salts
Martin C. Carey
Neogene paleontology in the northern Dominican Republic : 11. The Family Faviidae (Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Part I. The Genera Montastraea
Ann Foster Budd
- Multivariate statistical analyses are used to distinguish species in the genera Montastraea and Solenastrea through a continuous Neogene sequence (five Ma time interval) in the Cibao Valley of the northern Dominican Republic. Some older (by approximately 10 Ma) material from the same region also is included in the analyses. The material consists of approximately 280 colonies of Montastraea (74 of which are measured) from a total of 59 localities, and 66 colonies of Solenastrea (15 of which are measured) from a total of 37 localities. Twelve additional colonies of Montastraea from the Vokes' collections of the same localities are also measured, and added to the data set. The material is first sorted into the two genera on the basis of qualitative examination of septal structure, the structure of the columella and associated paliform lobes, and the texture of the coenosteum. Sixteen characters consisting of linear distances and counts are measured in transverse thin-sections of ten corallites per colony in Montastraea; ten similar characters are measured on the upper surface of ten calices per colony in Solenastrea. The data are analyzed using cluster and canonical discriminant analysis to group the colonies into clusters representing species. Seven species are so defined in Montastraea and two in Solenastrea. These groupings are then used statistically to reclassify type specimens for 12 of the 17 described species of Montastraea and four of the seven described species of Solenastrea. Three of the 12 species are synonymized in Montastraea, and two of the four species are synonymized in Solenastrea. Further qualitative study of the remaining types suggests that nine species of Montastraea and two species of Solenastrea existed altogether in the Caribbean during the Neogene. The stratigraphic range of two of the seven Dominican Republic species of Montastraea is shown to extend back to the Oligocene. Another of the Dominican Republic species is found to exist today, and is widely distributed throughout the Caribbean. Of the nine Neogene Caribbean species, only this species survived the Plio-Pleistocene extinction event. Only one species of Mantastmea is found to be endemic to the Dominican Republic. One of the remaining three species of Montastraea also has a limited stratigraphic distribution and appears confined to the southern Caribbean. Both species of Solenastrea appear to range from the Early Neogene to the Recent, and are widely distributed throughout the Caribbean. Trends within each species of Montastraea are analyzed through the sequence using nonparametric statistical procedures. Significant changes are detected upsection for at least four of the seven species in character complexes related to corallite size, septal development, and coenosteum development; however, significant correlations with species diversity suggest that these trends may be environmental in origin. Occurrence data suggest that two of the seven species of Montastraea may be indicative of shallow, nearshore conditions, whereas another two may be confined to muddy, and presumably deeper, patch reeflocalities. When data spanning the Oligocene to Recent are analyzed, significant directional trends are detected in one of the three longerranging Dominican Republic species; however, the amount of change does not exceed that observed within modern species. This suggests that, despite an apparent zigzag pattern, net stasis may be the rule in Montastraea. This study represents part of a multidisciplinary project on the paleontology and stratigraphy of the northern Dominican Republic, coordinated by P. Jung and J. B. Saunders of the Naturhistorisches Museum in Basel, Switzerland.
Neogene paleontology in the northern Dominican Republic : 3. The Family Poritidae (Anthozoa: Scleractinia)
Ann Foster Budd
- Various multivariate statistical procedures are used to distinguish species in the reef-coral family Poritidae through a continuous Neogene sequence (five myr time interval) in the Cibao Valley of the northern Dominican Republic. Some older (by approximately 10 myr) material from the same region is also included in the analyses. The material consists of approximately 450 colonies (120 of which are measured) from 92 localities in four river sections. The colonies are first sorted into three genera, and approximately 30 characters measured on five calices per colony. The data are analyzed using cluster and canonical discriminant analyses to group the colonies into clusters representing species. Five species are so defined in Porites and three in Goniopora. These groupings are then used statistically to reclassify type specimens for 22 of the 25 described species of Neogene Caribbean poritids. Eight described species are thereby synonymized with four previously-described species in Porites and one new species of Porites, Porites convivatoris. n. sp., is discovered. Five described species are synonymized with two previously-described species in Goniopora. The stratigraphic range of three species of Porites and three species of Goniopora is also shown to extend back to the late Oligocene, thereby diminishing the significance of any presumed early Miocene adaptive radiation. Only one species was found to be endemic to the Dominican Republic and only one confined to the northern Caribbean. The rest are widely distributed throughout the Caribbean. Thus, the endemism previously believed common during the Neogene is shown to be far less extensive. Evolutionary trends within each species are preliminarily analyzed for various characters using non parametric statistical procedures. In general, the results show that seven species experienced little or no evolutionary change (= stasis) through the sequence. Slight increases in corallite size are detected in two species, an increase in colony height in one species, and a more rounded colony shape in one species. These trends may be related to the general deepening of the environment; however, little correlation is found between lithology and morphology within species. Preliminary analyses of the relationship between intraspecific variation and poritid abundance and diversity yield significant results, suggesting that intraspecific trends may be environmental and that future study of coral species associations may offer insight into paleoenvironmental interpretations. Statistical comparisons with the Miocene Mediterranean poritids show that no species co-occur in the two provinces during the Neogene. Similarly, none of the studied Neogene species of Porites resemble modem Caribbean species of Porites, signifying that all nine poritid species studied must have become extinct and the modem Caribbean species of Porites radiated during the late Pliocene or early Pleistocene. This study represents part ofa multidisciplinary project on the stratigraphy of the northern Dominican Republic, coordinated by P. Jung and J. B. Saunders of the Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland.