Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
- Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften (3)
Beiträge zur Philosophie des Geistes an Hand der Drei-Welten-Theorie von Karl Popper
"Heraus aus dem Turm" : Dr. Hermann Schmitt-Vockenhausen und die Entwicklung der SPD zur Volkspartei ; eine biographische und regionale Studie (Main-Taunus-Region)
The military role of the Fief of Tibnīn against the muslims in the age of the crusades (AH 498-583/ AD 1105-1187)
Ahmed Ahmed Mohamed M. Abdelkawy
Aly Ahmed M. al-Sayed
- The Crusade movement is one of the most important occurrences of medieval history. It took place throughout two centuries in the Levant and affected both Muslims and Crusaders and in turn changed the way in which West and East related to one another. When the Crusaders took control of the Holy Land and many Islamic cities in the Levant, they transferred their feudal European system there. They established four main fiefdoms or lordships, Jerusalem, Edessa, Antioch and Tripoli. In addition, there were another twelve secondary fiefdoms, of which Tibnīn was one. Tibnīn was called “Toron” by the Crusaders. Once the Crusaders had captured Tibnīn, they began building its fortified castle, from which the fief of Tibnīn gained its importance throughout the period of the Crusades.
This paper traces the military role of Tibnīn and its rulers in the Latin East against the Muslims until 1187/ 583. Tibnīn played a key role in overcoming the Muslims in Tyre and controlled it in 1124. It also played a vital role in the conflict between Damascus and the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Tibnīn participated in defending Antioch, Banyas, Hebron and Transjordan several times. Furthermore, its soldiers and Knights joined the army of the Kingdom of Jerusalem to capture Ascalon in 1153, and joined the campaigns of Amaury I, King of Jerusalem, against Egypt from 1164 to1169. The military situation of Tibnīn under the rule of the royal house until its fall to the Muslims in 1187/ 583 will be studied as well.