Remedy or Disease? Romantic Perspectives on Music
Towards a Typological Classification of Modern Greek
- In the area of the Modern Greek verb, phenomena which consistently appear are headmarking, many potential slots before and/or after the verb root, noun and adverb incorporation, addition of adverbial elements by means of affixes, a large inventory of bound morphemes, verbal words as minimal sentences, etc. These features relate Modern Greek to polysynthesis. The main bulk of this paper is dedicated to the comparison of affixal and incorporation patterns between Modern Greek and the polysynthetic languages Abkhaz, Cayuga, Chukchi, Mohawk, and Nahuatl. Ultimately, a typological outlook for Modern Greek is proposed.
Perspectives : 2011, September/October ; Bilingual Education in a Global World
From Language Garden to Sustainable Languaging: Bilingual Education in a Global World
Ofelia García, Graduate Center, City University of New York 5 ; Language Lost & Found: A Family’s Full Circle : Mary Curtis 10 ; Language Variation from a Bilingual Perspective : Miriam Eisenstein Ebsworth, New York University, Steinhardt 17 ; Letter from the President 4 ; Contributing to Perspectives - Guidelines for Writers 2.
Science in Wonderland
- Lewis Carroll's Alice, who first explores Wonderland (1865) and later on the country behind the Looking-Glass (1872), belongs to the most well-known characters in world literature. [...] The scientific reception of Carroll's stories – concerning physics as well as the humanities – has taken place on different levels. On the one hand, […] various Carrollian ideas and episodes obviously correspond to topics, subjects and models that are treated in the contexts of scientific discourses. Therefore, they can be quoted or alluded to in order to represent theories and questions […] – as […] physical models of the world […]or theoretical models of language and communication. […] On a more abstract level of observation, Carroll's stories have been used in order to explain and to discuss the pre-conditions, the procedures, and the limits . of scientific modeling as such. Above all, they make it possible to narrate on the problem of defining and observing an 'object' of research. […] According to Deleuze, the paradox structures of the world that Alice experiences give an idea of all meaning being groundless and all logic being subverted by the illogical. Finally, besides all affinities of Alice's adventures to scientific attempts to explain the world, the absolutely incomprehensible is present in Carroll's books as well. Especially the self proves to be something profoundly incomprehensible […].
Computer-assisted transcription and analysis of speech
- The two papers included in this volume have developed from work with the CHILDES tools and the Media Editor in the two research projects, "Second language acquisition of German by Russian learners", sponsored by the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, from 1998 to 1999 (directed by Ursula Stephany, University of Cologne, and Wolfgang Klein, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen) and "The age factor in the acquisition of German as a second language", sponsored by the German Science Foundation (DFG), Bonn, since 2000 (directed by Ursula Stephany, University of Cologne, and Christine Dimroth, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen). The CHILDES Project has been developed and is being continuously improved at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, under the supervision of Brian MacWhinney. Having used the CHILDES tools for more than ten years for transcribing and analyzing Greek child data there it was no question that I would also use them for research into the acquisition of German as a second language and analyze the big amount of spontaneous speech gathered from two Russian girls with the help of the CLAN programs. When in the spring of 1997, Steven Gillis from the University of Antwerp (in collaboration with Gert Durieux) developed a lexicon-based automatic coding system based on the CLAN program MOR and suitable for coding languages with richer morphologies than English, such as Modern Greek. Coding huge amounts of data then became much quicker and more comfortable so that I decided to adopt this system for German as well. The paper "Working with the CHILDES Tools" is based on two earlier manuscripts which have grown out of my research on Greek child language and the many CHILDES workshops taught in Germany, Greece, Portugal, and Brazil over the years. Its contents have now been adapted to the requirements of research into the acquisition of German as a second language and for use on Windows.
The apterous endemic genus Omphra Dejean (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Helluonini) of the Indian subcontinent: taxonomy with notes on habits and distributional patterns
Shiju T. Raj
Thomas K. Sabu
- Among the four oriental genera of the tribe Helluonini, Omphra Dejean (Coleoptera: Carabidae), is
unique for its endemism to the Indian subcontinent and aptery. High intraspecies variability in morphological
characters and limited diagnostic information makes species differentiation of the genus Omphra a complicated
task. The present study provides a description of a new species, Omphra drumonti n. sp. from the Western
Ghats, redescriptions and a key to the species of Omphra, details of intraspecies variation, discussion of relationships
between taxa and distributional patterns of the genus. Based on the distributional patterns in the Indian
subcontinent and flightlessness of the genus, inability to cross the physical barrier of the Ganges–Brahmaputra
delta between north and peninsular India is indicated as the reason for its absence in the northeastern Indian
subcontinent and endemism to the lower Indian subcontinent.
The milliped genus Euryurus Koch, 1847 (Polydesmida: Euryuridae) west of the Mississippi River; occurrence of E. leachii (Gray, 1832) on Crowley’s Ridge, Arkansas
Rowland M. Shelley
Chris T. McAllistor
Henry W. Robinson
- The milliped genus Euryurus Koch, 1847, and the species, E. leachii (Gray, 1832) (Polydesmida: Euryuridae),
are recorded from three sites on the northern part of Crowley’s Ridge (Cross, Lee, and Poinsett counties), Arkansas,
where the only prior familial records are of Auturus evides (Bollman, 1887). Coupled with the published locality of
E. leachii in Phillips Co., at the southern extremity of the Ridge, the only known occurrences of both the genus and
species in Arkansas and west of the Mississippi River are in this physiographic feature. The Arkansas population
is geographically peripheral but anatomically intermediate between the two recognized subspecies, E. l. leachii and
E. l. fraternus Hoffman, 1978, and we do not assign it to a race. Molecular investigations seem necessary to resolve
relationships in the “E. leachii complex.”
Changes in the fledging success over time with increasing population size in the Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus on Wangerooge Island (Lower Saxony, Germany)
- In this study, we report the results of a long-term investigation on changes in population size and fledging
success of Northern Lapwing on Wangerooge, a German Wadden Sea island. This population is increasing over a period
of 34 years in contrast to numerous populations in North-western Europe. The reproductive success however declines
over time and also with population density. Both effects cannot be considered separately due to autocorrelation.
However, it is noted that the population on Wangerooge is not sustained by local recruitment only. This outcome is
even more alarming as coastal areas and islands are considered as rare high quality meadow bird habitats. According
to the present results Wangerooge cannot be considered as a source habitat for Northern Lapwings in North-western
Breeding success of Black-tailed Godwits Limosa limosa under ‘mosaic management’, an experimental agrienvironment scheme in The Netherlands
- Black-tailed Godwits (Limosa limosa) have been declining for decades in The Netherlands and so far this has
not been slowed by conservation measures. A new form of agri-environment scheme was tried out in 2003-2005 at 6
sites where a ‘grassland mosaic’ (200-300 ha) was created by collectives of farmers through a diverse use of fields including
postponed and staggered mowing, (early) grazing, creating ‘refuge strips’ during mowing, and active nest protection.
We measured breeding success of godwits in each of the experimental sites and nearby, paired controls. Breeding
success was higher (0.28 chicks fledged /pair) in mosaics than in controls, but due to lower agricultural nest losses only.
Chick survival was 11 % in both mosaics and controls. The amount of late-mown and other grassland suitable for chicks
hardly differed between treatments during the fledging period, mainly due to rainfall delaying postponed mowing in
all sites. Chick survival was however positively correlated with site variation in the amount of high grass (>18 cm).
Breeding success was high enough to compensate for adult mortality (ca. 0.6) in only one mosaic site. Chick survival
was lower than in previous Godwit studies, indicating that additional loss factors have increased. Predation (50-80 % of
chicks, mostly by birds) is a candidate, but changes in the suitability of late-mown grassland (insect abundance and
sward density in grass monocultures) may also play a role. Consequently a higher management investment is needed
to achieve a self-sustaining population.
The importance of early breeding in Black-tailed Godwits (Limosa limosa)
- Human impacts on the landscape have increased the penalties for Black-tailed Godwits laying their eggs too late, especially in the very intensive agricultural landscapes of The Netherlands. Thus, godwits have experienced a dramatic change of their fitness landscape, because the advance in mowing date made late clutches worthless destroying either eggs or chicks. To determine the driving forces of the recent population decline we study the individual variation in timing of breeding with respect to reproductive success in a population unaffected by mowing. Our results show that even in a low intensity agricultural area it is very important for godwits to breed early in the season.