C52 Model Evaluation and Selection
The new keynesian approach to dynamic general equilibrium modeling: models, methods, and macroeconomic policy evaluation
- This chapter aims to provide a hands-on approach to New Keynesian models and their
uses for macroeconomic policy analysis. It starts by reviewing the origins of the New Keynesian
approach, the key model ingredients and representative models. Building blocks of
current-generation dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models are discussed in
detail. These models address the famous Lucas critique by deriving behavioral equations
systematically from the optimizing and forward-looking decision-making of households and
firms subject to well-defined constraints. State-of-the-art methods for solving and estimating
such models are reviewed and presented in examples. The chapter goes beyond the mere
presentation of the most popular benchmark model by providing a framework for model
comparison along with a database that includes a wide variety of macroeconomic models.
Thus, it offers a convenient approach for comparing new models to available benchmarks
and for investigating whether particular policy recommendations are robust to model uncertainty.
Such robustness analysis is illustrated by evaluating the performance of simple
monetary policy rules across a range of recently-estimated models including some with financial
market imperfections and by reviewing recent comparative findings regarding the
magnitude of government spending multipliers. The chapter concludes with a discussion of
important objectives for on-going and future research using the New Keynesian framework.
Surprising comparative properties of monetary models: results from a new model database
John B. Taylor
- In this paper we investigate the comparative properties of empirically-estimated monetary models of the U.S. economy using a new database of models designed for such investigations. We focus on three representative models due to Christiano, Eichenbaum, Evans (2005), Smets and Wouters (2007) and Taylor (1993a). Although these models differ in terms of structure, estimation method, sample period, and data vintage, we find surprisingly similar economic impacts of unanticipated changes in the federal funds rate. However, optimized monetary policy rules differ across models and lack robustness. Model averaging offers an effective strategy for improving the robustness of policy rules.