11Y16 Algorithms; complexity [See also 68Q25]
Improved low-density subset sum algorithms
Matthijs J. Coster
Brian A. LaMacchia
Andrew M. Odlyzko
Claus Peter Schnorr
- The general subset sum problem is NP-complete. However, there are two algorithms, one due to Brickell and the other to Lagarias and Odlyzko, which in polynomial time solve almost all subset sum problems of sufficiently low density. Both methods rely on basis reduction algorithms to find short nonzero vectors in special lattices. The Lagarias-Odlyzko algorithm would solve almost all subset sum problems of density < 0.6463 . . . in polynomial time if it could invoke a polynomial-time algorithm for finding the shortest non-zero vector in a lattice. This paper presents two modifications of that algorithm, either one of which would solve almost all problems of density < 0.9408 . . . if it could find shortest non-zero vectors in lattices. These modifications also yield dramatic improvements in practice when they are combined with known lattice basis reduction algorithms.