Properties of exotic matter for heavy ion searches

  • We examine the properties of both forms of strange matter, small lumps of strange quark matter (strangelets) and of strange hadronic matter (Metastable Exotic Multihypernuclear Objects: MEMOs) and their relevance for present and future heavy ion searches. The strong and weak decays are discussed separately to distinguish between long-lived and short-lived candidates where the former ones are detectable in present heavy ion experiments while the latter ones in future heavy ion experiments, respectively. We find some long-lived strangelet candidates which are highly negatively charged with a mass to charge ratio like a anti deuteron (M/Z 2) but masses of A=10 to 16. We predict also many short-lived candidates, both in quark and in hadronic form, which can be highly charged. Purely hyperonic nuclei like the (2 02 ) are bound and have a negative charge while carrying a positive baryon number. We demonstrate also that multiply charmed exotics (charmlets) might be bound and can be produced at future heavy ion colliders.

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Author:Jürgen Schaffner-BielichORCiDGND, Carsten GreinerGND, Horst StöckerORCiDGND, Axel P. Vischer
Document Type:Preprint
Date of Publication (online):2006/01/17
Year of first Publication:1997
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2006/01/17
Tag:Kollisionen schwerer Ionen; MEMOs; Strangelets; exotische Materie
MEMOs; exotic matter; heavy ion colliders; strangelets
Source:Report-no: LBNL-40307, J.Phys.G23:2107-2115,1997. [nucl-th/9705031]
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht