The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1: experimental and analytical protocols

  • The important role of fire in regulating vegetation community composition and contributions to emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols make it a critical component of dynamic global vegetation models and Earth system models. Over two decades of development, a wide variety of model structures and mechanisms have been designed and incorporated into global fire models, which have been linked to different vegetation models. However, there has not yet been a systematic examination of how these different strategies contribute to model performance. Here we describe the structure of the first phase of the Fire Model Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), which for the first time seeks to systematically compare a number of models. By combining a standardized set of input data and model experiments with a rigorous comparison of model outputs to each other and to observations, we will improve the understanding of what drives vegetation fire, how it can best be simulated, and what new or improved observational data could allow better constraints on model behavior. Here we introduce the fire models used in the first phase of FireMIP, the simulation protocols applied, and the benchmarking system used to evaluate the models. The works published in this journal are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. This license does not affect the Crown copy-right work, which is re-usable under the Open Government Licence (OGL). The Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License and the OGL are interoperable and do not conflict with, reduce, or limit each other.

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Author:Sam S. Rabin, Joe R. Melton, Gitta Lasslop, Dominique Bachelet, Matthew ForrestORCiD, Stijn Hantson, Fang Li, Stephane Mangeon, Chao Yue, Vivek Arora, Thomas HicklerORCiD, Silvia Kloster, Wolfgang Knorr, Lars Nieradzik, Allan Spessa, Gerd A. Folberth, Tim Sheehan, Apostolos Voulgarakis, I. Colin Prentice, Stephen Sitch, Jed O. Kaplan, Sandy Harrison, Almut Arneth
Parent Title (English):Geoscientific Model Development
Place of publication:Katlenburg-Lindau
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2016
Date of first Publication:2016/10/05
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2017/05/23
Page Number:31
First Page:1
Last Page:31
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie / Geowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 3.0