Wie generisch ist das generische Maskulinum? Über Genus und Sexus im Deutschen

  • This paper examines whether gender features (masculine, feminine, neuter) in German have to be interpreted semantically, along their specific gender, or whether they allow for a gender unrelated interpretation. As to this, two experiments with two different classes of nouns (gender marked and sex marked nouns vs. gender marked and sex neutral nouns) were conducted. The first experiment supports the view that in their function as nominal predicates masculine nouns, contrary to feminine (and neuter) nouns, have the widest extension – which confirms the existence of a ‘Generic Masculine’ (Generisches Maskulinum). On the other hand, the second experiment shows that in their function as subjects masculine nouns, contrary to feminine (and neuter) nouns, are the least flexible agreement controllers – hardly allowing for gender mismatches. Thus, masculine nouns behave differently depending on whether they appear as controllers/sources of agreement or as targets of agreement. The findings are supplemented by corpus data.

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Metadaten
Author:Ewa Trutkowski
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-467843
DOI:https://doi.org/10.21248/zaspil.59.2018.437
ISSN:1435-9588
ISSN:0947-7055
Parent Title (German):Im Mittelpunkt Deutsch / ed. by André Meinunger
Publisher:Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft (ZAS)
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:German
Date of Publication (online):2018/06/15
Year of first Publication:2018
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/06/21
Tag:Genuszuweisung
GND Keyword:Genus
Volume:59
Page Number:14
First Page:83
Last Page:96
HeBIS-PPN:433368861
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 43 Deutsch, germanische Sprachen allgemein / 430 Germanische Sprachen; Deutsch
Sammlungen:Linguistik
Linguistik-Klassifikation:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Morphologie / Morphology
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:ZAS papers in linguistics : ZASPiL / ZASPiL 59 = Im Mittelpunkt Deutsch
Journal:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-467744
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht