Tracking of adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells in a model of cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury : comparison of bioluminescence imaging versus qRT-PCR

  • Determining the cell fate and the distribution of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) after transplantation are essential parts of characterizing the mechanisms of action and biosafety profile of stem cell therapy. Many recent studies have shown that MSCs migrate into injured tissues, but are only detectable at extremely low frequencies. We investigated the cell fate of MSCs after transplantation in an acute kidney injury (AKI) mouse model using in vivo bioluminescence imaging (BLI) and subsequent verification of cell migration using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The AKI was induced by a single injection of cisplatin (8 or 12 mg/kg). One day later, adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells isolated from luciferase transgenic mice (Luc+-mASCs, 5 × 105) were intravenously transplanted. Migration kinetics of the cells was monitored using BLI on day 1, 3, and 6, and finally via quantitative real-time PCR at the endpoint on day 6. Using BLI, infused Luc+-mASCs could only be detected in the lungs, but not in the kidneys. In contrast, PCR endpoint analysis revealed that Luc-specific mRNA could be detected in injured renal tissue; compared to the control group, the induction was 2.2-fold higher for the 8 mg/kg cisplatin group (p < 0.05), respectively 6.1-fold for the 12 mg/kg cisplatin group (p < 0.001). In conclusion, our study demonstrated that Luc-based real-time PCR rather than BLI is likely to be a better tool for cell tracking after transplantation in models such as cisplatin-induced AKI.

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Author:Ralf Schubert, Julia Sann, Jochen Früh, Evelyn UllrichORCiDGND, Helmut GeigerGND, Patrick BaerORCiDGND
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):International journal of molecular sciences
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/08/29
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/10/23
Tag:PCR; acute kidney injury; bio imaging; bioluminescence; mesenchymal stromal/stem cells; qRT-PCR; renal failure; tracking
Issue:9, Art. 2564
Page Number:12
First Page:1
Last Page:12
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0