The law of foreign investment insurance

  • The purpose of this thesis is to achieve two highly interconnected yet distinct tasks. On the one hand, the thesis explains how foreign investment insurance works by focusing on the law governing the relationships between involved actors. On the other hand, it provides a critique of the operation of foreign investment insurance as an investment protection instrument by mainly drawing on critical studies of the investment protection regime. The main question this thesis attempts to answer is how foreign investment insurance works. I construe foreign investment insurance as a typical insurance product and focus on the operation of insurance arrangements from a legal perspective. Ideas about how insurance should be deployed in any given social, political or economic context are instrumental in the development of insurers, insurance products and insurance techniques. The thesis examines investment insurers, the products they offer and their techniques to identify and deal with so-called political risks. Another important question concerns the notion of political risk. What are considered political risks in the context of investment insurance and how are they conceptualized by investment insurance providers? Investment insurers have largely adopted a business-oriented political risk definition which denotes governmental intervention in foreign investment as political risk without regard to the objectives of government actions. Descriptive studies explain political risk by replicating investment insurers’ categorization of basic coverages that include expropriation, currency inconvertibility and remittance transfer restrictions, political violence and breach of contract. Yet recent studies have increasingly provided in-depth analyses on the notion of political risk as well as on the specific categories of political risk, particularly expropriation. The thesis draws on these studies to critically discuss the concept of political risk as it is used by investment insurance providers. I focus on foreign investment insurance provided by OPIC and MIGA due to their mandate to promote economic development in the capital-importing countries and for their historical role as the major providers of investment insurance. While focus is on MIGA and OPIC, the thesis offers a general account of the operation of foreign investment insurance by incorporating the available information on investment insurance industry and the international governance of investment insurance. The central issues explored in this thesis such as the principle of subrogation and the notion of political risk help me generalize the study as these issues are characterized similarly with respect to each public investment insurance provider. The case studies and most examples in this thesis are based on expropriation risk insurance.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Author:Tugba Karagöz
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Isabel Feichtner, Rainer HofmannGND
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2018/12/12
Year of first Publication:2018
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2018/10/31
Release Date:2018/12/14
Tag:Investment Protection; Political Risk Insurance
Foreign Investment Insurance
Page Number:172
Institutes:Rechtswissenschaft / Rechtswissenschaft
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 34 Recht / 340 Recht
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht