Establishing long-term measurements of halocarbons at Taunus Observatory

  • In late 2013, a whole air flask collection program started at the Taunus Observatory (TO) in central Germany. Being a rural site in close vicinity to the densely populated Rhein-Main area, Taunus Observatory allows to assess local and regional emissions. Owed to its altitude of 825 m, the site also regularly experiences background conditions, especially when air masses approach from north-westerly directions. With a large footprint area mainly covering central Europe north of the Alps, halocarbon measurements at the site have the potential to improve the data base for estimation of regional and total European halogenated greenhouse gas emissions. Flask samples are collected weekly for offline analysis using a GC-MS system employing a quadrupole as well as a time-of-flight mass spectrometer. As background reference, additional samples are collected approximately bi-weekly at the Mace Head Atmospheric Research Station (MHD) when air masses approach from the site’s clean air sector. Thus the TO time series can be linked to the in-situ AGAGE measurements and the NOAA flask sampling program at MHD. An iterative baseline identification procedure separates polluted samples from baseline data. While there is good agreement of baseline mixing ratios between TO and MHD, with a larger variability of mixing ratios at the continental site, measurements at TO are regularly influenced by elevated halocarbon mixing ratios. Here, first time series are presented for CFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-22, HFC-134a, HFC-227ea, HFC-245fa, and dichloromethane. While atmospheric mixing ratios of the CFCs decrease, they increase for the HCFC and the HFCs. Small unexpected differences between CFC-11 and CFC-12 are found with regard to the occurrence of high mixing ratio events and seasonality, although production and use of both compounds are strictly regulated by the Montreal Protocol, and therefore a similar decrease of atmospheric mixing ratios should occur. Dichloromethane, a solvent about which recently concerns have risen regarding its growing influence on stratospheric ozone depletion, does not show a significant trend with regard to both, baseline mixing ratios and the occurrence of pollution events at Taunus Observatory for the time period covered, indicating stable emissions in the regions that influence the site. An analysis of HYSPLIT trajectories reveals differences in halocarbon mixing ranges depending on air mass origin.

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Author:Tanja J. SchuckORCiDGND, Fides Lefrancois, Franziska Gallmann, Danrong Wang, Markus JessweinORCiD, Jesica Hoker, Harald Bönisch, Andreas EngelORCiD
Parent Title (English):Atmospheric chemistry and physics. Discussions
Place of publication:Katlenburg-Lindau
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/09/03
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/02/28
Page Number:24
First Page:1
Last Page:24
© Author(s) 2018. CC BY 4.0 License.
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie / Geowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds:Geowissenschaften / Geographie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0