Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

  • Background and Aims: Vitamin D has an inhibitory role in the inflammatory signaling pathways and supports the integrity of the intestinal barrier. Due to its immunomodulatory effect, vitamin D plays a role in chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and a deficiency is associated with an increased risk for a flare. We aimed to investigate to what extent the 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D3) level correlates with disease activity and whether a cut-off value can be defined that discriminates between active disease and remission. Methods: Patients with IBD, treated at the University Hospital Frankfurt were analyzed retrospectively. The 25(OH)D3 levels were correlated with clinical activity indices and laboratory chemical activity parameters. A deficiency was defined as 25(OH)D3 levels <30 ng/mL. Results: A total of 470 (257 female) patients with IBD were included, 272 (57.9%) with Crohn’s disease (CD), 198 (42.1%) with ulcerative colitis (UC). The median age of the patients was 41 (18–84). In 283 patients (60.2%), a vitamin D deficiency was detected. 245 (53.6%) patients received oral vitamin D supplementation, and supplemented patients had significantly higher vitamin D levels (p < 0.0001). Remission, vitamin D substitution, and male gender were independently associated with the 25(OH)D3 serum concentration in our cohort in regression analysis. A 25(OH)D3 serum concentration of 27.5 ng/mL was the optimal cut-off value. Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is common in IBD patients and appears to be associated with increased disease activity. In our study, vitamin D levels were inversely associated with disease activity. Thus, close monitoring should be established, and optimized supplementation should take place.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Author:Johannes Hausmann, Alica KubeschORCiDGND, Mana Amiri, Natalie FilmannORCiDGND, Irina Ursula BlumensteinORCiDGND
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):Journal of Clinical Medicine
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/08/27
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/10/10
Tag:Crohn’s disease; IBD; Ulcerative colitis; calcitriol; intestinal barrier; mucosal inflammation; vitamin D
Issue:9, Art. 1319
Page Number:9
First Page:1
Last Page:9
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0