A circular chloroplast genome of fagus sylvatica reveals high conservation between two individuals from Germany and one individual from Poland and an alternate direction of the small single-copy region

  • Chloroplasts are difficult to assemble because of the presence of large inverted repeats. At the same time, correct assemblies are important, as chloroplast loci are frequently used for biogeography and population genetics studies. In an attempt to elucidate the orientation of the single-copy regions and to find suitable loci for chloroplast single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based studies, circular chloroplast sequences for the ultra-centenary reference individual of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica), Bhaga, and an additional Polish individual (named Jamy) was obtained based on hybrid assemblies. The chloroplast genome of Bhaga was 158,458 bp, and that of Jamy was 158,462 bp long. Using long-read mapping on the configuration inferred in this study and the one suggested in a previous study, we found an inverted orientation of the small single-copy region. The chloroplast genome of Bhaga and of the individual from Poland both have only two mismatches as well as three and two indels as compared to the previously published genome, respectively. The low divergence suggests low seed dispersal but high pollen dispersal. However, once chloroplast genomes become available from Pleistocene refugia, where a high degree of variation has been reported, they might prove useful for tracing the migration history of Fagus sylvatica in the Holocene.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Author:Bagdevi Mishra, Bartosz UlaszewskiORCiD, Sebastian PlochORCiDGND, Jarosław BurczykORCiD, Marco ThinesORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Forests
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/02/04
Date of first Publication:2021/02/04
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/11/03
Tag:European Beech; conservation genetics; cpDNA; population genetics
Issue:2, art. 180
Page Number:7
First Page:1
Last Page:7
The study was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland (2012/04/A/NZ9/00500), the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the program “Regional Initiative of Excellence” in 2019–2022 (Grant No. 008/RID/2018/19), and the German Science Foundation (Grant No. Th1362/18-1). Additional support by the LOEWE initiative in the framework of the Centre for Translational Biodiversity Genomics (TBG) is gratefully acknowledged.
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 58 Pflanzen (Botanik) / 580 Pflanzen (Botanik)
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0