Outcome of 177Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy in chemo-refractory patients with metastatic castration-resistant early-onset prostate cancer

  • The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the outcome of patients with metastasized castration-resistant early-onset prostate cancer refractory to chemotherapy receiving radioligand therapy with 177Lutetium-PSMA-617 (LuPSMA-RLT). Twenty-five patients of ≤55 years of age at prostate cancer diagnosis, treated with a median of four (IQR 2–6) cycles (mean of 7.7 ± 1.4 GBq per cycle) every 6–8 weeks, were analyzed. Survival outcome was calculated based on the Kaplan–Meier method. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.8 months (95% CI 2.3–5.3), and overall survival (OS) was 8.5 months (95% CI 6.2–10.8). An initial PSA reduction (≥ 50%) was observed in 9/25 (36%) of patients without being significantly associated with OS (p = 0.601). PSA response (PSA decline ≥50% at 12 weeks) was observed in 12/25 (48%) of patients and significantly associated with longer OS (16.0 months, 95% CI 7.4–24.6 vs. 4.0 months, 95% CI 1.1–6.9, p = 0.002). Imaging-based response using 68Ga-PSMA-11-PET/CT after two to three cycles was seen in 11/25 (44%). Additionally, responders had a significantly longer median PFS (8.7 months, 95% CI 1.3–16.1 vs. 1.9 months, 95% CI 1.7–2.2, p < 0.001) and OS (16.0 months, 95% CI 7.6–24.4 vs. 4.0 months, 95% CI 0.9–7.1; p = 0.002). Intra- or post-therapeutic toxicity was graded according to the CTCAE v5.0 criteria. Newly developing grade ≥ 3 anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia occurred in three (12%), one (4%), and three (12%) patients, respectively. One patient showed renal toxicity (grade ≥ 3) during follow-up. Pain palliation (>2 level VAS decline) was achieved in 9/14 (64%) and performance status improvement (ECOG level decline ≥ 1) in 8/17 (47%) of patients. Compared to previous reports, radioligand therapy with 177Lu-PSMA-617 in metastasized castration-resistant early-onset prostate cancer patients refractory to chemotherapy yields similar response rates with a comparable safety profile, but is associated with shorter survival.

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Author:Nicolai Mader, Daniel GrönerORCiDGND, Nikolaos TselisGND, Séverine BanekGND, James Nagarajah, Frank GrünwaldGND, Amir SabetORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Cancers
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/08/20
Date of first Publication:2021/08/20
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/09/28
Tag:177Lu-PSMA-617; PSMA; early-onset prostate cancer; metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; younger
Issue:16, art. 4193
Page Number:11
First Page:1
Last Page:11
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0