The impact of intravenous iron supplementation in elderly patients undergoing major surgery

  • Background: Age and preoperative anaemia are risk factors for poor surgical outcome and blood transfusion. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of iron supplementation in iron-deficient (ID) elderly patients undergoing major surgery. Method: In this single-centre observational study, patients ≥ 65 years undergoing major surgery were screened for anaemia and ID. Patients were assigned to the following groups: A− (no anaemia); A−,ID+,T+ (no anaemia, iron-deficient, intravenous iron supplementation); A+ (anaemia); and A+,ID+,T+ (anaemia, iron-deficient, intravenous iron supplementation). Results: Of 4,381 patients screened at the anaemia walk-in clinic, 2,381 (54%) patients were ≥ 65 years old and 2,191 cases were included in analysis. The ID prevalence was 63% in patients with haemoglobin (Hb) < 8 g/dl, 47.2% in patients with Hb from 8.0 to 8.9 g/dl, and 44.3% in patients with Hb from 9 to 9.9 g/dl. In severely anaemic patients, an Hb increase of 0.6 (0.4; 1.2) and 1.2 (0.7; 1.6) g/dl was detected with iron supplementation 6–10 and > 10 days before surgery, respectively. Hb increased by 0 (-0.1; 0) g/dl with iron supplementation 1–5 days before surgery, 0.2 (-0.1; 0.5) g/dl with iron supplementation 6–10 days before surgery, and 0.2 (-0.2; 1.1) g/dl with supplementation > 10 days before surgery (p < 0.001 for 1–5 vs. 6–10 days). Overall, 58% of A+,ID+,T+ patients showed an Hb increase of > 0.5 g/dl. The number of transfused red blood cell units was significantly lower in patients supplemented with iron (0 (0; 3)) compared to non-treated anaemic patients (1 (0; 4)) (p = 0.03). Patients with iron supplementation > 6 days before surgery achieved mobility 2 days earlier than patients with iron supplementation < 6 days. Conclusions: Intravenous iron supplementation increases Hb level and thereby reduces blood transfusion rate in elderly surgical patients with ID anaemia.

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Author:Lea Valeska BlumGND, Philipp ZierentzGND, Lotta HofORCiD, Jan Andreas KlokaORCiDGND, Leila MessroghliGND, Kai ZacharowskiORCiDGND, Patrick MeybohmORCiDGND, Suma ChoorapoikayilGND
Parent Title (English):BMC geriatrics
Publisher:BioMed Central
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2022/04/07
Date of first Publication:2022/04/07
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/05/25
Tag:Elderly; Geriatric patients; Intravenous iron; Iron deficiency; Patient care; Surgery
Issue:art. 293
Article Number:293
Page Number:12
First Page:1
Last Page:12
Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International