Cerebral oxygen saturation as outcome predictor after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation

  • Background: Cerebral oxygen saturation (ScO2) can be measured non-invasively by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and correlates with cerebral perfusion. We investigated cerebral saturation during transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and its impact on outcome. Methods and results: Cerebral oxygenation was measured continuously by NIRS in 173 analgo-sedated patients during transfemoral TAVI (female 47%, mean age 81 years) with self-expanding (39%) and balloon-expanding valves (61%). We investigated the periprocedural dynamics of cerebral oxygenation. Mean ScO2 at baseline without oxygen supply was 60%. During rapid ventricular pacing, ScO2 dropped significantly (before 64% vs. after 55%, p < 0.001). ScO2 at baseline correlated positively with baseline left-ventricular ejection fraction (0.230, p < 0.006) and hemoglobin (0.327, p < 0.001), and inversely with EuroSCORE-II ( − 0.285, p < 0.001) and length of in-hospital stay ( − 0.229, p < 0.01). Patients with ScO2 < 56% despite oxygen supply at baseline had impaired 1 year survival (log-rank test p < 0.01) and prolonged in-hospital stay (p = 0.03). Furthermore, baseline ScO2 was found to be a predictor for 1 year survival independent of age and sex (multivariable adjusted Cox regression, p = 0.020, hazard ratio (HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.90–0.99) and independent of overall perioperative risk estimated by EuroSCORE-II and hemoglobin (p = 0.03, HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.91–0.99). Conclusions: Low baseline ScO2 not responding to oxygen supply might act as a surrogate for impaired cardiopulmonary function and is associated with worse 1 year survival and prolonged in-hospital stay after transfemoral TAVI. ScO2 monitoring is an easy to implement diagnostic tool to screen patients at risk with a potential preserved recovery and worse outcome after TAVI.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Author:Philipp SeppeltORCiDGND, Silvia Mas-PeiroORCiDGND, Arnaud van LindenORCiDGND, Sonja IkenGND, Kai ZacharowskiORCiDGND, Thomas WaltherGND, Stephan Fichtlscherer, Mariuca Vasa-NicoteraORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Clinical research in cardiology
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2022/05/04
Date of first Publication:2022/05/04
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/11/20
Tag:Aortic stenosis; Cerebral oxygen saturation; TAVI; Valvular cardiomyopathy
Page Number:11
First Page:955
Last Page:965
Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International