QCD in the heavy dense regime for general N c : on the existence of quarkyonic matter

  • Lattice QCD with heavy quarks reduces to a three-dimensional effective theory of Polyakov loops, which is amenable to series expansion methods. We analyse the effective theory in the cold and dense regime for a general number of colours, Nc. In particular, we investigate the transition from a hadron gas to baryon condensation. For any finite lattice spacing, we find the transition to become stronger, i.e. ultimately first-order, as Nc is made large. Moreover, in the baryon condensed regime, we find the pressure to scale as p ∼ Nc through three orders in the hopping expansion. Such a phase differs from a hadron gas with p ∼ N0c, or a quark gluon plasma, p ∼ N2c, and was termed quarkyonic in the literature, since it shows both baryon-like and quark-like aspects. A lattice filling with baryon number shows a rapid and smooth transition from condensing baryons to a crystal of saturated quark matter, due to the Pauli principle, and is consistent with this picture. For continuum physics, the continuum limit needs to be taken before the large Nc limit, which is not yet possible in practice. However, in the controlled range of lattice spacings and Nc-values, our results are stable when the limits are approached in this order. We discuss possible implications for physical QCD.

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Author:Owe PhilipsenORCiDGND, Jonas ScheunertGND
Parent Title (English):Journal of high energy physics
Place of publication:Berlin ; Heidelberg
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2019/11/05
Date of first Publication:2019/11/05
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/10/04
Page Number:25
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Wissenschaftliche Zentren und koordinierte Programme / Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS)
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0