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Metodologija morfonološkoga pravopisa (metodološki postupci u Hrvatskome pravopisu iz 1944. godine)

Methodology employed in Croatian Orthography (1944), a morphophonological orthography book

  • U Hrvatskome pravopisu iz 1944. godine, nastalome u Uredu za hrvatski jezik, stoji da su ga sastavili članovi Ureda Franjo Cipra i Adolf Bratoljub Klaić uz suradnju drugih članova. Riječ je o jedinome hrvatskom pravopisnom priručniku u potpunosti zasnovanu na morfonološkome pravopisnom načelu koji je bio službeno propisan (na temelju odluke Ministarstva narodne prosvjete 3. studenoga 1943). Kako ta pravopisna knjiga predstavlja prekid s dotadašnjim smjerom razvoja hrvatske suvremene pravopisne norme kao pretežito fonološke (tj. fonološkomorfonološke), zanimljivo je razmotriti metodologiju njezina sastavljanja. U tome se smislu u analizu uključuju tri aspekta: određenje dosega pravopisne relevantnosti (opseg pojedinačnih problema uvrštenih u pravopisne teme), oblikovanje pojedinih pravopisnih pravila (metajezik pravopisa, tj. kako se u pravopisnoj knjizi gradi popularnoznanstveni diskurs kojim se želi komunicirati s korisnikom) i struktura pravopisne knjige (razina obrade pojedinoga pravopisnog problema: obrada u poglavljima, rječniku, dodacima i sl.). Uz pogled u metodologiju sastavljanja ovoga Pravopisa – knjige koja, zanimljivo, nema ni predgovor ni pogovor – razmotrit će se i njegove poveznice s drugim hrvatskim pravopisnim knjigama.
  • In Croatian Orthography (1944), created in the Office for the Croatian Language, it is stated that it was compiled by two members of the Office – Franjo Cipra and Adolf Bratoljub Klaić, with the help of the other members of the Office. This is the only Croatian orthography book based exclusively on the morphophonological orthographic principle the use of which was officially prescribed (the Decision of the Ministry of National Education, 3rd November 1943). Since this orthographic book represents a deviation from the general direction of the development of then contemporary orthographic norm, which was a predominantly phonological one (that is, phonological-morphological), the methodology used for its compilation is of particular interest. In this sense, the analysis focuses on three aspects: determination of the range of orthographic relevance (the scope of individual issues dealt with under the umbrella of orthographic topics), definitions of certain orthographic rules (the meta-language of the orthography book, that is, how popular-scientific discourse intended for communication with users is built in the book), and the structure of the orthographic book (the level of treatment of individual orthographic issues: their treatment in chapters, the dictionary section, appendices, etc.). Besides analysing the methodology employed for the compilation of this orthography – a book that, curiously, has no introduction or an afterword – the paper also analyses its relations with other Croatian orthography books.

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Author:Mihaela Matešić
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-388359
URL:http://hrcak.srce.hr/131487
Parent Title (Croatian):Rasprave : časopis Instituta za Hrvatski Jezik i Jezikoslovlje
Publisher:Inst.
Place of publication:Zagreb
Document Type:Article
Language:Croatian
Date of Publication (online):2016/10/17
Year of first Publication:2014
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2016/10/17
Tag:Adolf Bratoljub Klaić; morphophonological orthographic principle; orthographic methodology; orthography
Adolf Bratoljub Klaić; morfonološko pravopisno načelo; pravopis; pravopisna metodologija
Volume:40
Issue:2
Page Number:16
First Page:349
Last Page:363
Note:
Rights: Papers published in this journal can be used for personal or educational purposes while respecting the rights of authors and publishers.
HeBIS-PPN:40190380X
Sammlungen:Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht